Power tiller is walking tractor mostly used for rotary cultivation in puddle soil and can be replace the animal power more effectively and help in increasing demand for human labour. The small and marginal farmers form major user for custom hiring of power tiller. Power tiller ispreferred in small land holding farmer for all farm operations like puddling and preparatory tillage. The machine provides opportunities for self employment in rural areas.

Power Tiller Attachments

Power tiller having all attachments likewise a tractor for all farm operation. Power tiller operated attachments are 1.5 ton trolley, five tynes cultivator, reversible mould board plough, spraying, shorter rotary 340 mm, power tiller reaper, power tiller operated generator.

Trolley

 1.5 Ton capacity of Trailer for Power Tiller  can be used for transportation farm and commercial purpose.

Specifications:

  • Capacity: 1.5 tonnes.
  • Body size:1875mmL X 1050mm W X 375mm H

Reversible Mould Board Plough

Reversible mould board plough is primarily used to turn furrow slice to the right or left side of direction of travel as required and also that field which are left unploughed for long periods, too hard field,full of deep routed unwanted plants,shrubs,weeds etc.

Features:

  • Field coverage/day - 1 to 1.25 acres
  • Depth of cut - 8 to 10 inches
  • Width of cut - 6 to 9 inches
  • Depends on soil condition & usages

Spraying

The sprayer is used for spraying pesticides and insecticides for controlling the pests in following areas : Coconut, Chiku, Pomegranate, Grapes, Guava, Banana, Papaya, Mango etc.

Specifications:

Discharge (Free Flow)

36 ltr / min

Average Fuel Consumption

1.00 ltr

Shorter Rotary

Power Tiller fitted with a shorter rotary (340 mm) and extended lugged wheel is used for inter cultivation operation for deweeding and loosening the soil in Sugar cane fields. A smaller furrower specially designed for Sugar cane field, can be used for bund formation which also helps in irrigation. After Sugar cane harvesting, shorter rotary can be used for stubble removal of Sugar cane. The stubble is pulverised and is mixed with the soil thereby forming organic manure.

Specifications:

Field Coverage / day -1.5 to 2 acres

Short Rotary Width - 340 mm

Attachment:        1.smallerfurrower
                         2. Extended lugged wheel

No. of tynes -10 Nos.

Power Tiller Reaper

The Power Tiller Operated Transmission Drive Reaper is used for harvesting both line planted & random planted crops of Paddy & Ragi. This unit cuts and wind-rows the crop in a straight line for easy collection. It works better on dry land. 

Field Coverage / Day - 2.5 to 3 acres per day

Cutting Width -1200 mm (48 inches)

Average Fuel Consumption - 1 ltr / hr

6. Power Tiller Operated Generator

It can be used as a generator when off season like a prime mower.

The Generator can be used as:

  • Submersible Pumpsets
  • Water Pump
  • Domestic Requirements

Generator Capacity-7.5 kVA

Average Fuel Consumption-1.5 to 1.75 ltrs / hr

Dry Tilling

In case of dry tilling either bent or straight tynes can be fitted depending upon the moisture in the field. Normally this operation is done immediately after harvest to remove the roots or removing the weeds in the field or loosening the soil for better aeration. Dry tilling is also done prior to planting seeds for dry crops such as Ground nut, jowar, chillies etc. Also for intercultivation, dry tilling operation is done. 

Specifications:

Operation                   Performance

Field Coverage / Day - 2 to 2.5 acres

Average Fuel Consumption-1.5 to 1.75 ltrs / hr

Depth of cut -125 to 200 mm (5 to 8 inches)

Rotary Width- 600 mm (24 inches)

 

Pumping

Domestic Water Pump: Pumping water from irrigation canals, rivers and wells, etc.

Self Priming Pump: Self Priming Pump with tanker can be fitted for cleaning septic tanks Cess pools, clogged drainage, community wells etc.

Suction Head (Height) -25 feet

 

Delivery Head (Height)- 25 - 30 feet

 

Discharge- 440 ltr/min.

 

Average Fuel Consumption- 0.75 to 1.00 ltr / hr

 

Bund Formation

Bent tynes are to be fitted to the rotary for reverse tilling operation. There must be sufficient moisture in the soil. Basin formation can be done by reverse tilling around the plants & trees. This operation is to be carried out only after specific training is given to the operator.

Puddling Operation

Puddling operation is done before transplanting the paddy seedlings. For puddle field operation power tiller is fitted with lugged wheels or drum type cage wheels depending upon the soil conditions after removing the rubber tyres for better traction.

Rotary is fitted with curved tynes. Tail wheel is also to be replaced with tail wheel float for adjusting the depth. Minimum two puddling operations are required and at least 8-10 cms of water should be available in the field for best puddle and proper leveling of the field.

Specifications:

Power Tiller Operated Ridger (Furrower)

The ridger which cuts and turns the soil in two opposite direction for makingridges. Ridger is used for sowing row crops and plants in well tilled soil for water flow such as sugarcane, patato, chillies, tabaco, banana

Specifications:

  • Field coverage/day - 1 to 1.25 acres
  • Depth of furrow - 10 to 12 inches
  • Width of furrow - 15 to 18 inches

Five Tynes Cultivator

Five types cultivator can be easily attached with Power tiller with help of Hitch bracket. Five tynes cultivator is commonly used as secondary tillage equipment mostly in dry lands for loosening the soil , removal of crop roots,weeds and for inter cultivation in orchards etc. A little moisture in the field increases the tilling efficiency.

Specifications:

  • Field coverage /Day - 2.5 to 3 acres
  • Depth of cut - 4 to 6 inches
  • Width of cut - 21.6 to 24 inches
  • Depends on soil conditions & usages.

 By

Piyush Pradhan, Ajay Verma and Mukesh Kumar Pandey
Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur Chhattisgarh

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