In India, iron-deficiency anemia is widespread among the huge population. According to the National Family Healthy Survey, 2004-05, children under the age of three (78.9 %) and women (55 %); men follow at 24 % were anemic in India. In 2005, Global Burden of Disease (GBD)survey ranked anemia initiated by the lack of mineral iron in the body as the chief factor for disability in India. The newest report available last year shows that it caused 10.56 % of all Years Lived with Disability (YLDs). In 2015, 10.56 % of total YLDs were owing to iron-deficiency anemia. Related to BRICS nations, these percentages are twice Russia’s and thrice China’s.
Agricultural products like fruits and vegetables should be enriched with iron and other essential nutrients to overcome anemia from our country. Various types of fruits and vegetables which are high in iron can be cultivated and consumed in processed or raw form. So, there is a root vegetable which can be easily grown on farmer’s field in the winter season and also is the immense source of iron and antioxidants. So, here are the benefits of some processed products of black carrot which is high in iron and other antioxidants.
Black carrot is an excellent source of anthocyanins and other nutrients. Anthocyanins help lower bad cholesterol (LDL) along with helping protect the arteries against oxidation. Anthocyanins also help protect us against various forms of cancer. Its anti-oxidant activity is four times higher than red carrot. Flavonoids are currently under investigation as anticancer compounds, as free radical scavengers in living systems, as well as inhibitors of LDL cholesterol.
Keeping in mind the importance of black carrot as it carry immense source of different vital nutrients. So, there are different products which can be prepared from the black carrot. The fresh black carrots are suitable for salad, juice, pickle and kanji which are good appetizer. The consumption of proper amount of black carrot’s salad and other products prevent its consumersfrom different types of diseases.
Black Carrot Juice:
Black Carrot Kanji:
Carrot kanji is a traditional Punjabi fermented drink that is made in the winters. Black carrots appear in the winters in north India and these give the kanji its characteristic purple color. Punjab Black Beauty is a black colored carrot variety released by Punjab Agricultural University. Roots get eatable maturity within 90-95 days after sowing. For sowing August-September is the best time. A seed rate of 4 to 5 kg for carrot is sufficient for one acre. Spacing of 45 cm between ridges and 7.5 cm between plants is kept.
Preparation of Kanji:
DAVINDER SINGH, Punjab Agricultural University, 141004