Under the National Monsoon Mission initiative, the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad and National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), NOIDA have embarked upon to build a state-of-the-art coupled ocean atmospheric model for :
a) improved prediction of monsoon rainfall on extended range to seasonal time scale (16 days to one season)
b) improved prediction of temperature, rainfall and extreme weather events on short to medium range time scale (up to 15 days) so that forecast skill gets quantitatively improved further for operational services of India Meteorological Department (IMD).
For the first time, India Meteorological Department used the Monsoon Mission dynamical model to prepare operational seasonal forecast of 2017 monsoon rainfall over India.
Government launched the National Monsoon Mission to set up a state-of-the-art coupled ocean-atmospheric climate model in 2012. The mission is envisaged to achieve the operational implementation of the state-of-the art dynamical prediction system for more accurate monsoon rainfall prediction on all spatial and time scales over the Indian region. The improved system will help us in issuing more accurate short range forecasts (up to 3 days) and warnings for extreme weather events like heavy rainfall events, active (heavy) and break (weak) spells during the monsoon season in advance and more accurate seasonal forecasts for all-India monsoon rainfall.
An allocation for the mission was Rs. 400.0crores for a period of 5 years (2012-2017).
IMD in collaboration with Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) provides district level agro meteorological advisories to farmers through 130 agromet field units. Currently, about 22 million farmers are receiving crop specific agro-meteorological advisories in vernacular languages. These advisories are used for critical farm operations Viz.
(i) Management of sowing (Delayed onset of rains);
(ii) Changing crop variety (Delay in rainfall);
(iii) Spraying Pesticides for disease control (occurrence of rainfall);
(iv) Managing Irrigation (Heavy rainfall Forecast).
India Meteorological Department (IMD) provides meteorological support to the Central Water Commission (CWC) for issuing flood warnings. The allocation for the Monsoon Mission for the period 2012-17 was Rs. 400.00 crores and for the period 2017-20 is Rs 151 crores.
This information was given by Minister of State for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Y.S. Chowdary in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha.