India is an agrarian country with around 70% of its people depending directly or indirectly upon agriculture. As per the central government despite a multi-pronged approach to improving income and social security of farmers. It is sad but true that the cases of farmer suicides in India. There are a number of reasons that contribute to it. These include the erratic weather conditions, debt burden and family issues and in government policies among other.

As many as 6,351 farmers and cultivators committed suicide in 2016  across India, or 17 everyday. According to the home ministry data suicide declined 21% from 8,007, and 22 every day in 2015.

Suicides in the farming sector declined 10%- from 12,602 in 2015 to 11,370 in 2016, According to this reply to the Lok Sabah by Parshottam Rupala, Minister of State for Agriculture and farmer welfare. The Minister answers based on provisional data from National Crime Records Bureau {NCRB}, a division of Home Ministry, did not  reveal the causes for suicides in 2016.

The Minister said " Family problem followed by illness are reported as  major causes of suicides among agriculture laborers". ' As per the NCRB report of 2015, bankruptcy or indebtedness and farming related issues are reported as major cause of suicides among farmer and cultivators.

India's agriculture growth rate has been volatile-from 1.5% in 2012-2013 to 5.6%in 2013-2014,0.2% in 2014-15, 4.9% in 2016-17 and 2.1% in 2017-18. Suicides in the agriculture sector declined 32% in 2016 from 2007, the lowest over the last decades. The most suicides {17,368} over the last 10 years were reported in 2009.

In 2007, every 45 agriculture labor were suicide. But after government giving the lots of facilities and policies, in 2016 only 31 labor of agriculture were suicide. This is very great on the part the Indian government that the suicide rate of Indian farmer  reduces considerably, the government is also  trying  to double the income of the farmers to give relief to the farming community and they will be out of the distress.

 



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