In our childhood, there was saying that whenever we shall visit our Grandma (Nani) - Mothers Mother the small poem we often recite that is “Nani ke ghar jayenge, doodh malai khayenge ,mote ho kar aayenge”. The idea is people were happy with the milk they were having in their houses by their own Goat, Cow or the Buffalo.
The idea is that there was no shortcoming of the Milk in India. During the past three years, India has outpaced the global milk production with an annual growth rate of 5.53 percent compared with the 2.09 percent achieved globally.
India has been the largest producer of milk in the world for the past 15 years. Milk production, which was around 17-22 million tonnes in the 1960s, has increased to 163.7 million tonnes in 2016-17. Particularly, it has increased by 19 percent during 2016-17 in comparison to the year 2013-14. Similarly, per capita availability of milk has increased from 307 grams in 2013-14 to 351 grams in the year 2016-17. Similarly, the income of dairy farmers increased by 23.77 percent in 2014-17 compared to 2011-14.
The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DAHDF) has initiated a number of schemes with the objective of doubling the dairy farmers’ income.
In this direction, dairy farmers’ income is being raised in two ways – one by raising milk production and productivity and by increasing the price of raw milk per kg.
To meet future challenges, it is necessary to gradually shift towards a technology-driven environment.
To achieve the same, DAHDF is working on a National Action Plan Vision 2022, where along with enhancing the outreach of dairy cooperatives to additional villages and milk producers, suitable provisions are being made to build additional milk processing infrastructure for processing additional volume of milk expected on account of higher milk production and meeting the increased demand for value-added products.
Milk is a dairy product derived from the mammary gland of mammals. Milk is used worldwide as food for humans. It is also converted into dairy products like cheese, butter, curd, cream etc. Modern industries use milk to produce casein, lactose, whey protein, powdered milk, condensed milk and other industrial products. People who are lactose intolerent use soy or almond milk. Lactose is a disaccharide sugar that is found in milk.
Milk and milk products should be bought fresh. Milk should be stored in refrigerator below 40 degree Fahrenheit but it should never be stored near the door of the refrigerator where it is susceptible to warm air from the opening and closing the door. Milk for consumption is mostly derived from cows, goats, buffloes and sheeps.
1. Drinking milk is a great way to prevent tooth decay as milk is known to reduce the level of acidity in the mouth. It also fights plaque formation and reduces the risk of cavities.
2. It is good for health as it delivers energy.
3. It is vital for building and maintaining tissues.
4. Vitamin B6 in milk helps in the formulation of red blood cells.
5. Calcium present in milk helps in building bones and teeth.
6. Milk also contains zinc that plays an important role in the immune system, and is good for the eyes.
Milk is good for you; this phrase is probably one of those few things which we have been made to believe is set in stone. When one mentions milk, almost instantly the words that come to mind are creamy, fresh and calcium booster. When we contemplated a milk taste test, the first question that struck us was -"But doesn't all milk taste the same?" Well, we may have been wrong all this while.
Milk's got character. Cow's milk is supposed to be sweet with a mild after-taste, creamier on the tongue, fresh and slightly off-white in colour. Buffalo's milk, on the other hand, is white and thick. It has more proteins, fat and calories. In a quest to discover if what we're drinking really holds up to these standards, we decided to do a blind taste-test with five popular brands of milk.
The size of India's dairy industry is 3 lakh crore rupees and milk accounts for most of this. The 2014-15 figures indicate that we produced 147 million tons of milk which makes us the world's largest milk producer. Though a large part of this market is raw buffalo milk, we decided to taste pasteurized cow's milk because it's more popular in Tier 1 and Tier 2 cities where you won't find too many takers for raw milk. Raw milk comes straight from the farm to your doorstep, along with a long list of unanswered questions about 'health and safety'.
In the last few years, there's been a lot of talk on whether you should drink milk or not. But if you're not lactose intolerant then there's no reason why you shouldn't. It's rich in calcium and Vitamin D, good for your bones and does your body a whole lot of good.
The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests that an adult needs 400 to 500 milligrams of calcium a day to prevent bone fracture and maintain good bone health. One glass of toned milk has about 125 milligrams of calcium, which means you need to drink anywhere between three to four glasses of milk a day. Some other advocates of health and food recommend as high as 1200 milligrams of calcium a day for people up to the age of 50. The United States Department of Agriculture recommends three cups of milk a day for anyone over the age of 8.
Various companies are now delivering the milk in the houses in view of the interest of the consumer. One of the such company is Dairylac, which is giving 500 grams of cow milk free to each and every consumer who is showing interest in their product.
Dairylac is a trademark under Mallekan Dairy and Agro Pvt. Ltd.
FSSAI LIC. No. 10815019000086
Krishi Jagran / New Delhi