Ladakh region (J&K), Lahul Spiti and Kinnaur valley (HP) are the only areas in India that represent the Trans-Himalayan high altitude cold desert environment with an elevations ranging from 3500 to 4500m above MSL. These areas experiences harsh dry climate characterized by wide temperature fluctuation, ranging from -400C (winter) to 300C (summer), very low precipitation and hypoxia. These climatic conditions along with qualitatively poor soil profile, deficient irrigation facilities and undulating terrain makes most of the area in the region unsuitable for crop based agricultural activities. Accordingly, livestock based farming system in these areas forms the main source of livelihood for the populace. Fortunately, nature has endowed these areas with some specific species/ breeds of livestock highly adapted to these agro-climatic and agro-ecological conditions. The pashmina producing goat breeds (Changthangi and Chegu) are amongst these special livestock breeds that have adapted to the harsh agro-climatic and agro-pastoral conditions.

Pashmina production in the country, however, faces a number of constraints which makes it a non-vibrant economic activity. The reasons for low productivity and production of pashmina are many and varied. However, high degree of inbreeding, poor husbandry practices, poor/inadequate nutrition, scanty surface grazing, inadequate animal health facilities and improper shelter are major contributing factors besides, restriction of the pashmina goat rearing to the only traditional areas.

Under the National Agricultural Innovation Project entitled “A Value Chain on Enhanced Productivity and Profitability of Pashmina Fibre”, pashmina goats were provided to the beneficiaries in the Non-Traditional Areas of Leh and Kargil with an aim to expand the pashmina goat rearing area to other areas having almost similar ecological niche to those of traditional areas are given below: 

Area wise Number of pashmina goat units established in Non- Traditional areas of Leh and Kargil. 

S. No

Block

Village

Number of units

Total

Remarks

1

Kargil

Shakar

5

24

All units have been established.

Each unit comprising of 9 does and 1 buck except some to whom only 9 does were allotted due to paucity of bucks.

They have been directed to utilize the bucks at community level.

Chiktan

5

Bodhkharboo

9

Khangriyal

5

2

Suru

Youljuk

5

16

Khowoos,

4

Panikhar

1

Printee

5

Chuskoor

1

3

Drass

Bhimbat

11

11

4

Nobra

Digger,

5

25

Tangayar,

5

Lakjung

5

Turtuk

10

5

RARS

Leh

2

2

Units have been established as control units. Each unit comprising of 9 does and 1 buck.

6

ARS

Kargil

1

1

 

TOTAL

79

 

Socio-economic status of best Pashmina farmers in the Area 
The beneficiaries were provided with a pashmina goat unit comprising of 9 does and 1 buck in year 2009 at the cost of 10% of original value. Interventions in the form of shelter, feeding and health management was provided free of cost. The units performed exceedingly well especially in Drass and Panikhar areas of Kargil.  Success stories one   from Panikhar and other from Drass   (Kargil district) has been compiled and   mentioned below:

Success stories of two pashmina goat farmers from Kargil.

Name of the  farmer with parentage

Mohammad Mussa S/o Ghulam Hussain

R/o Panikhar

Syed Abdullah Shah s/o Syed Hussain

R/o Drass

Source of Livelihood

Labourer

Agriculture Farming

Initial strengthof unit provided

10

10

Current livestock strength after  three years

53

42

Current unit value

(Property of Farmer)

Rs 265000/=

(@ 5000/= per animal)

Rs 210000/=

(@ 5000/= per animal)

Additional Income from sale of pashmina (Ist year)

2914

4210

Additional Income from sale of Pashmina Fibre (2nd year)

6450

8250

Additional income from sale of extra male animals

 30000 (6)

 27000 (6)

Expected unit value after 5 years (after selling extra animal from time to time)

250000/=

(say 50 animals)

250000/=

(say 50 animals)

Expected income from sale of  extra animals/year

About 25000/=

About 25000/=

Expected income per year from sale of pashmina after 5 years

Rs 15000-20000

Rs 15000-20000

Total Expected income/family/year from sale of pashmina and extra animals after 5 years

About Rs 45000/=

About Rs 45000/=

Awards and  Appreciations: 
An excellent contribution and work done successfully in the established of Pashmina goat units in non-traditional areas of Drass and Panikhar, the farmers namely Mohammad Mussa R/o Panikahar and Mr Syed Abdullah Shah R/o Drass  were felicitated by Honorable Vice Chancellor, SKUAST-K Dr Tej Pratap in presence of Director Extension Education, SKUAST-K Prof. Afifa S. Kamili with a cash award of Rs 5000.00 and Rs 3000.00 respectively besides a certificate of appreciation.

Felicitation of Mr. Mohammad Mussa and Mr. Syed Abdullah Shah by Honorable Vice Chancellor, SKUAST-K

Felicitation of Mr. Mohammad Mussa and Mr. Syed Abdullah Shah by Honorable Vice Chancellor, SKUAST-K

Visit of Dr Bengali Babu to the operational area of Panikhar of Pashmina goat

Visit of Dr Bengali Babu to the operational area of Panikhar of Pashmina goat

Visit of Dr. Bengali Babu to the operational area of Dras   Twitter Facebook LinkedIn Google+ Print Email

Visit of Dr. Bengali Babu to the operational area of Dras Twitter Facebook LinkedIn Google+ Print Email

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