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Cultivate Ragi And Earn Maximum Profits: Know The Use Of Ragi Flour, Benefits, And More

Ragi is cultivated all across India. It helps farmers to make handsome income as the demand for rabi millets, and flour is in huge demand.

Vivek Singh
Ragi Flour (Photo Courtesy: Freepik)
Ragi Flour (Photo Courtesy: Freepik)

Ragi is also known as red millet flour, nachni flour, ragi ka atta, finger millet flour, and more depending on the region you live in. Ragi flour is used for various purposes natural weight loss, preventing Colon Cancer, and increasing production of mothers' milk. Today, we are here with all the important information such as the recipe for ragi flour, uses of ragi flour, benefits of ragi flour, how to cultivate ragi flour, and more.

How to Cultivate Ragi?

Field Preparation and Direct Seeding:

  • First, create well-prepared nurseries covering an area of 500 square meters, which will later be used for transplanting onto a 1-hectare field.

  • To facilitate the rapid growth of seedlings, apply 20 baskets of Farm Yard Manure (FYM) along with a small amount of fertilizer.

  • After preparing the land, apply manure and fertilizer.

Weed Management:

  • Implement effective weed management practices to prevent competition for nutrients and resources.

Water Management:

  • Ensure proper water management practices to meet the crop's moisture needs.

Crop Maturation:

  • Depending on the specific region and the variety being grown, the crop typically matures in approximately 120 to 135 days.

  • Harvest the ear heads using regular sickles and cut the straw as close to the ground as possible.

Yield Potential:

  • It is possible to achieve a grain yield of 20 to 25 quintals per hectare and a fodder yield of 60 to 80 quintals per hectare.

  • The straw from finger millet serves as nutritious fodder.

Ragi Flour Recipes

Ragi flour, also known as finger millet flour, is a nutritious and gluten-free flour commonly used in South Indian cuisine. It's a great source of calcium, fibre, and essential nutrients. Here are some delicious ragi flour recipes you can try:

1. Ragi Roti:


  • 1 cup ragi flour

  • 1/4 cup finely chopped onions

  • 1/4 cup finely chopped spinach or any greens (optional)

  • Salt to taste

  • Water as needed

Ragi Flour(Photo Courtesy: Freepik)
Ragi Flour(Photo Courtesy: Freepik)


  1. In a mixing bowl, combine ragi flour, chopped onions, greens (if using), and salt.

  2. Add water gradually and knead the mixture into a soft dough.

  3. Divide the dough into small portions and flatten them into thin rotis on a greased or floured surface.

  4. Heat a griddle or tava and cook the rotis on both sides until they are golden brown.

  5. Serve hot with chutney or any curry of your choice.

2. Ragi Porridge:


  • 1/4 cup ragi flour

  • 2 cups water or milk

  • A pinch of salt

  • Sweetener of your choice (honey, jaggery, sugar) to taste


  1. Mix ragi flour with water or milk, ensuring there are no lumps.

  2. Heat the mixture in a pan on low-medium heat, stirring continuously.

  3. Add a pinch of salt and sweetener to taste.

  4. Keep stirring until the porridge thickens and reaches your desired consistency.

  5. Serve hot, optionally garnished with nuts and fruits.

3. Ragi Dosa:


  • 1 cup ragi flour

  • 1/2 cup rice flour

  • 1/4 cup urad dal (black gram) flour

  • Salt to taste

  • Water as needed


  1. Mix ragi flour, rice flour, urad dal flour, and salt in a bowl.

  2. Gradually add water to make a smooth, thin batter.

  3. Heat a non-stick griddle or dosa tava.

  4. Pour a ladleful of the batter and spread it into a thin dosa.

  5. Drizzle some oil around the edges and cook until it turns crispy and golden.

  6. Serve with coconut chutney, sambar, or any chutney of your choice.

4. Ragi Ladoo:


  • 1 cup ragi flour

  • 1/2 cup jaggery or sugar

  • 1/4 cup ghee (clarified butter)

  • A pinch of cardamom powder

  • Chopped nuts for garnish (optional)


  1. Heat ghee in a pan, add ragi flour and roast it on low heat until it turns aromatic and slightly brown.

  2. Add jaggery or sugar and cardamom powder to the roasted flour.

  3. Mix well and turn off the heat.

  4. Allow the mixture to cool slightly and shape it into small ladoos.

  5. Garnish with chopped nuts if desired.

  6. Let them cool completely before storing them in an airtight container.

Benefits And Side Effects Of Ragi Flour

Ragi flour, also known as finger millet flour, is a nutritious and gluten-free flour made from the small, reddish-brown grains of the ragi plant. It is a staple food in many parts of India and Africa. Ragi flour offers several benefits, but it may also have some side effects for certain individuals. Here's an overview:

Benefits of Ragi Flour

  1. Nutrient-Rich: Ragi is a highly nutritious grain. Ragi flour is rich in essential nutrients such as calcium, iron, fiber, and protein. It is particularly beneficial for vegetarians and vegans who may have limited sources of these nutrients in their diet.

  2. Rich in Fiber: Ragi flour is an excellent source of dietary fiber, which aids in digestion, helps regulate blood sugar levels, and promotes a feeling of fullness, making it a good choice for weight management.

  3. Gluten-Free: Ragi flour is naturally gluten-free, making it a suitable option for those with gluten intolerance or celiac disease.

  1. Low Glycemic Index: Ragi has a lower glycemic index compared to other grains, which means it can help stabilize blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of diabetes.

  2. High in Antioxidants: Ragi contains antioxidants like polyphenols and flavonoids, which can help protect the body's cells from damage caused by free radicals.

  3. Aids in Bone Health: Ragi is a good source of calcium and can contribute to maintaining strong and healthy bones. It is especially important for individuals at risk of osteoporosis.

  4. Lactation Support: Ragi is often recommended for lactating mothers as it is believed to enhance milk production.

Side Effects and Considerations

  1. Digestive Issues: While ragi is generally well-tolerated, some individuals may experience digestive discomfort, gas, or bloating when consuming it. This can be alleviated by soaking, fermenting, or cooking ragi properly.

  2. Oxalate Content: Ragi has a moderate oxalate content, which can contribute to the formation of kidney stones in susceptible individuals. People with a history of kidney stones should consume it in moderation and drink plenty of water.

  1. Allergies: Like any food, some people may be allergic to ragi. If you experience symptoms like itching, hives, or difficulty breathing after consuming ragi, consult a healthcare professional.

  2. Goitrogens: Ragi contains goitrogens, compounds that can interfere with thyroid function if consumed in excess. Individuals with thyroid disorders should consume it in moderation and ensure they get enough iodine in their diet.

  3. Phytic Acid: Ragi contains phytic acid, which can inhibit the absorption of certain minerals like iron and calcium. Soaking or fermenting ragi before consumption can reduce the phytic acid content.

Health Benefits Of Ragi Flour

Ragi flour, also known as finger millet flour, is a popular staple in many parts of India and Africa. It is a nutritious whole-grain flour that offers several health benefits:

Rich in Nutrients: Ragi is a good source of essential nutrients, including calcium, iron, potassium, and magnesium. It is especially rich in calcium, making it an excellent choice for those who are lactose intolerant or have a dairy-free diet.

High in Dietary Fiber: Ragi is high in dietary fibre, which aids in digestion, prevents constipation, and helps maintain a healthy digestive system. The fibre content also helps regulate blood sugar levels, making it a good option for individuals with diabetes.

Low Glycemic Index: Ragi has a lower glycemic index compared to other grains, which means it has a minimal impact on blood sugar levels. This can be beneficial for individuals looking to manage or prevent diabetes.

Gluten-Free: Ragi flour is naturally gluten-free, making it a suitable option for those with gluten intolerance or celiac disease.

Good Source of Protein: Ragi contains a moderate amount of protein, making it a valuable addition to a vegetarian or vegan diet. It is also a complete protein, meaning it contains all the essential amino acids the body needs.

Aids in Weight Management: The high fiber content in ragi can help you feel full for longer, reducing overall calorie intake. It can be beneficial for weight management and weight loss when incorporated into a balanced diet.

Rich in Antioxidants: Ragi contains antioxidants like polyphenols, which help protect the body's cells from oxidative stress and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

Promotes Bone Health: Its high calcium and vitamin D content can contribute to better bone health. This is particularly important for individuals at risk of osteoporosis and bone-related disorders.

May Lower Cholesterol: Some studies suggest that regular consumption of ragi may help reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, potentially reducing the risk of heart disease.

Improves Skin Health: Ragi is a source of essential amino acids like methionine and lysine, which are important for healthy skin. It also contains antioxidants that can contribute to a youthful complexion.

Rich in Iron: Ragi is a good source of iron, which is important for preventing anemia and maintaining overall energy levels.

Supports Infant Nutrition: Ragi is often recommended as a first food for infants due to its nutritional content, especially its high calcium and iron content.

May Help Manage Blood Pressure: Some studies suggest that ragi's potassium content may help regulate blood pressure levels.

So these were the highlights of the health benefits of ragi flour. 

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