Agriculture Heritage Sites in India

By Saurabh Shukla


Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) include landscapes of aesthetic beauty combining agricultural biodiversity, resilient ecosystems, and valuable cultural heritage, identified, and preserved by the UN FAO since 2005.

Pampore Saffron Heritage

Known as the saffron bowl of Kashmir, Pampore is renowned for its high-quality saffron. It faces challenges such as water scarcity and market volatility.

Kuttanad Farming System

Unique to India, this system involves rice cultivation below sea level, utilizing polders and dewatering. It’s vital for its endemic biodiversity and faces threats from pollution.

Koraput Traditional Agriculture

Linked to indigenous communities, this system conserves high biodiversity, including 2,500 plant species. It’s under threat from deforestation and mining activities.

Khasi Indigenous Farming System

Practiced in Meghalaya, this system includes shifting cultivation, home gardens, and agroforestry. It sustains the local Khasi community and preserves diverse plant species.

Apatani Valley Agriculture

Located in Arunachal Pradesh, it integrates wet rice cultivation with fish farming. It’s a sustainable model that supports local biodiversity and cultural practices.

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