Brain-Eating Amoeba: Know the Deadly Threat & How to Stay Safe

By Saurabh Shukla

Naegleria Fowleri

Naegleria fowleri, the Brain-Eating Amoeba, causes a rare and deadly brain infection by entering the body through the nose in warm freshwater.

Threat of PAM

Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) is a rapid and severe brain infection caused by Naegleria fowleri. Despite its rarity, the infection is almost always fatal.

Early Symptoms of PAM

Initial symptoms appear 1-9 days after exposure and include severe headache, fever, nausea, and a stiff neck. Early detection is crucial but challenging.

Advanced Symptoms

As the disease progresses, symptoms worsen to include confusion, seizures, hallucinations, and coma. The severe infection usually leads to death within five days.

How Infection Occurs

Infection occurs when contaminated water enters the nose, typically during swimming or diving in warm freshwater. Drinking contaminated water does not cause infection.

Prevention Tips

Avoid swimming in warm freshwater, use nose clips during water activities, avoid stirring up sediment, and ensure pools are properly chlorinated to reduce the risk of infection.

Treatment & Awareness

Treatment involves antifungal and antimicrobial medications, but the survival rate is low. Increasing public awareness and ongoing research are crucial to combating this deadly amoeba.
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