1. Animal Husbandry

Guide to Poultry Housing - Its Types, Equipments, Construction and much more

Chintu Das
Chintu Das
Poultry Farming
Poultry Housing

Poultry farming has lately become a market leading business in the horticulture industry worldwide. A good housing area straightforwardly influences the ideal development and production in the poultry farming business be it, layer poultry or broiler poultry farming.

The poultry business is one of the beneficial businesses and gives most benefit when additional consideration is given to the development of the house. A superior poultry house boosts the performance and well-being of the flock. A good production poultry breed needs convenient lodging. The house should be in the south direction to guarantee most sunlight, which is significant during the short cold days. 

Poultry House Types (According to age):  

Separate brooder houses and grower or layer houses must be maintained for superior development of the flock of birds. 

- Brooder House (0 to 8 weeks):  

The house utilized in broiler poultry cultivation is likewise called Brooder House. Ordinarily, a brooder house is important for both broiler poultry and layer poultry cultivation. In a brooder house, the chick lives between the age of 0 to about two months in which exceptional care is needed for better development of the chicks. 

- Grower House (9 to 20 weeks): 

Grower houses are generally utilized for hens for Egg-Purpose. In grower houses ordinarily hens are developed between the age between 9 to 20 weeks. Mostly raised for egg production. 

- Layer House (21 to 72 weeks): 

A Layer house is used to rear hens between the age of 21 to 72 weeks. Two types of layer house include: 

Deep litter framework or floor framework: Deep litter is utilized for broiler poultry type of farming. The floor framework is utilized by small scale proprietors as well as by large proprietors, who brought around 50000 birds up in a solitary house for meat.  

Cage System: It is one of the regular methods of layer farming in an enormous scope. The benefit of a cage framework is that you can keep up the record effectively. 

Poultry Housing Systems: 

Housing system can be categorized into 3 categories: 

- Free Range / Extensive 

- Semi-Intensive 

- Intensive : 1) Battery or Cage 2) Deep Litter  

Free Range: 

In this framework, the birds live outside the entire day and discover their feed, for example, plants, leaves, bugs, and other living beings. Birds are permitted to enter the house around evening time by their proprietor. 

Semi-Intensive: 

It is used where the free accessible space is restricted. The semi-intensive framework is otherwise called backyard production, the bird lives outside for the entire day for scavenging, and a modest bunch of grain is given by the proprietor around evening time. This strategy is generally utilized on a limited scale for 300 to 400 birds. 

Intensive: 

In this framework, all the solace is given to the birds. To get the most production of the birds, great quality feed is always accessible to the birds. This is the most widely recognized framework utilized worldwide on an economically huge scale for the utilization of chicken meat and Eggs. The two basic methods incorporated for Intensive farming are the battery (cage framework) and deep litter approaches. 

- Battery (cage framework) – It is helpful to those with a little amount of floor space available to them. In this framework, the birds are filled in iron mesh cages. A cage dimension of 36 x 48 inches is utilized For developing around 25 birds. Taking care of, watering, and other facilities are given to the chicken. 

- Deep litter framework – In this framework, a huge number of birds i.e. around 250 birds are kept in each large pen. This is the traditional lodging arrangement of poultry framework. The poultry house floor is a tube covered with a layer of sawdust, paddy husk, or straw. 

House Equipment: 

Contingent upon the size and kind of poultry house, different sorts of gear are to be utilized in poultry farming business. Significant poultry house gear incorporates Perches, Feed containers, Watering gadgets, Heaters, Fogger, Measuring glasses, Guards for Chicks, Laying homes, and Brooding hovers, and so forth 

House Construction: 

Rooftop – Cement-asbestos top is costly, yet, it is recommended if the farmer has the required capital. It is very durable and good for the birds well being. Conjugated iron and zinc sheets expense is lower than concrete asbestos. Zinc sheets can be used to seal the house.  

Entryways – The poultry house door ought to be facing the south direction, and should be made of an iron frame finished with ½ a inch wire netting. The passage should adequately permit a man to go through it.  

Windows – About 1 meter is suggested as the ordinary stature. Roof overhang in any case should be 18 to 36 inches out from the wall to chop down radiation through the window opening. 

House Floor Space Requirements:  

Requirement per bird:  

No. 

Age in Weeks 

Floor Space per Birds in Cm2 

0-8 

700 

9-12 

950 

13-20 

1,900 

21-above 

2,300-2,800 

 

Requirement of feeder space per bird:  

No. 

Age (Weeks) 

Floor Space per Birds(Cm2) 

0-2 

2.5 

3-6 

4.0 

7-12 

7.5 

13-above 

10.0 

Water requirements and water space requirement:   

Age in Weeks 

Water space per chick(linear cm) 

Amount of water per 1000 birds in liters 

0-4 

0-6 cm 

2.8-4 

5-8 

1.2 cm 

12-14 

9-12 

10 cm 

20-25 

13-16 

12.5 cm 

35-40 

16 and above 

15 cm 

45-48 

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