1. Animal Husbandry

Importance of Artificial Incubator in Poultry Farming

Priyanka Menon
Priyanka Menon
Artificial Incubator

An incubator is a device that helps to artificially create the conditions necessary for hatching eggs. Cabinet-type incubators of 10,000 eggs are available today. It has two compartments. The first is the egg-laying chamber. Of these, 24 floors are arranged in two rows, one on top of the other. All these decks are connected in one gear. If the gear is operated, all the trays can be rotated together for up to 18 days. The second is the nesting room. Eggs laid in the upper layer for up to 18 days are transferred to this layer.

Incubators vary according to the manufacturer's design. Newer types of incubators such as walk-in-incubator and drive-in-incubator are also available for added convenience. When laying eggs in an incubator, special attention should be paid to temperature, humidity, egg arrangement, egg movement, and ventilation.

Hatcheries are required for commercial hatching and marketing of chicks. Laying hens, broilers and other poultry breeds will be distributed by hatching. In addition to the incubator room, hatchery room, storeroom, generator room, and fumigation room, the hatchery should have other facilities to start such a venture.

1. Temperature

The temperature inside the incubator is an important factor in the successful hatching of eggs. This should be equal to the heat that the hen receives when the hen is closed. The first 18 days in cabinet-type incubators require temperatures of 37 C to 38 C (99–100 F) and then 36 C to 37 C (98–99 F).

2. Humidity

Temperature is just as important as the humidity inside the incubator. Moisture is essential for a large percentage of babies to hatch. 60% humidity is recommended for the first 18 days. Then the moisture content should be increased.

3. Ventilation

The embryo that grows inside the egg needs oxygen. Similarly, carbon dioxide should be eliminated. Therefore proper ventilation inside the incubator should be emphasized. 21% of normal air is needed for oxygen. Similarly, carbon dioxide should be less than 0.5%.

4. Egg sorting method

When laying eggs in layers, the wide part of the egg should be placed upwards. Or the eggs can be laid. If the eggs are placed identically in the incubator, the embryo will attach to any part of the egg and the embryo will die. To prevent this we can use cabinet-type incubators which has self-rotating systems.

Eggs should be inspected on the 7th and 18th day (cantling). This is possible by passing light rays into the egg. After hatching, the chicks should be kept in an incubator for a few more hours to dry.

Advantages of artificial incubator

1. More chicks can be hatched at the same time.

2. Can be hatched at any time of the year.

3. Babies can be hatched without the disease.

4. If the incubator is running properly, the hatching rate can be determined in advance, rather than using broilers.

Artificial incubator is, indeed, very useful in poultry farming for increasing efficiency and productivity of the entire farming process.

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