1. Success Story

You can earn 13 lakhs in 10 months through Capsicum Farming

Abha Toppo
Abha Toppo

Vijayrao is a successful capsicum farmer from Kadbanwadi village in Pune’s Indapur taluka. His village was once counted amongst 300 nondescript drought-prone villages in Maharashtra, but now it has 100 farm ponds, 110 earthen bunds, 27 cement nala bunds and 3 percolation tanks. And all this is because of his father’s hard work. Vijayrao’s father was a retired teacher and a dedicated farmer, who made his village drought-proof.

Vijayrao after finishing his B.Sc in Agriculture in 2010 decided to work for the Maharashtra Public Service Commission. He struggled for two years, gave many interviews but couldn’t succeed in getting a job. So he went back to his village and started working at a petrol pump. Soon he realized that in this way he was wasting his agricultural degree.

The farmer told that he couldn’t start traditional farming as it wasn’t economically viable. And he had learned about polyhouse farming or controlled farming. Polyhouse farming is basically a controlled and protected way of farming inside a structure, where various flowers and vegetables can be grown. Crops in a polyhouse mature irrespective of the weather conditions, as the atmosphere can be artificially managed with motorized screens and ventilators to facilitate crop growth. Moreover, the poly film on the set up doesn’t allow even a drop of rainwater to enter it.

Vegetables such as tomatoes, cabbages, cucumbers, strawberries, bottle gourds and capsicums and flowers like roses and carnations can be easily grown in a polyhouse. The initial cost of setting up no doubt is high but it increases the life cycle of the crop, produces better yield and is water-efficient.

When asked about how he started his polyhouse, Vijayrao told that after attending a one-week workshop at the Horticulture Training Centre in Pune, he applied for a loan of Rs 30 lakh from the bank. Soon he established a polyhouse in a one-acre land at Shelgaon in February 2018.

After doing some market research, he decided to grow colored capsicum particularly the yellow and red ones. The first harvest was in the middle of April, where he obtained Rs 35 to 40/kg. And today, he earns Rs 170/ kg for these capsicums. He not only exports capsicum in Pune but also to Mumbai and Delhi.

Additionally, his notable work in the polyhouse was examined by government officials from the agriculture department, giving him a subsidy of Rs 18 lakh.

He told that setting up a polyhouse is a costly investment in the beginning but slowly it will help you recover all your expenses and also give you good returns. He explained that once you sow the saplings, they have a life cycle of about a year and can bear around 40 tonnes of produce.

Vijayrao’s polyhouse has yielded 30 tonnes in 10 months (February to December) and he has managed to earn 13 lakhs in this short period.  The polyhouse also attracts a number of farmers from across the district, seeking guidance and information.

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