1. Animal Husbandry

Dairy Development Schemes of Government of India

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Dairy Farming in India

National Programme for Bovine Breeding & Dairy Development (NPBBDD) 

About the scheme 

The particular scheme was formulated by merging four schemes of the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying viz. National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB), Intensive Dairy Development Programme (IDDP), Strengthening Infrastructure for Quality and Clean Milk Production (SIQ and CMP) and assistance to cooperatives.  

NPBBDD has two components  

  • National Programmefor Bovine Breeding (NPBB), and  

  • National Programmefor Dairy Development (NPDD).  

NPBB focuses on extension of the Field Artificial Insemination (Al) Network, monitoring of Al programme, development and conservation of indigenous breeds and establishment of breeders' associations and societies to encourage conservation and development of recognized native breeds of cattle and buffalo. The NPDD component focus on creating infrastructure related to production, procurement, processing and marketing of milk by milk unions/federations and also extension activities including training of farmers. 

Benefits 

The following tangible and intangible benefits can be obtained by the farmers and societies under the scheme:  

  • Milk chilling facilities at Village, Block and District levels 

  • Equipment for bulk milk coolers (BMCs) and chilling centers

  • Milk processing and marketing

  • Milk procurement 

  • Cattle shed

  • Cattle induction

  • Construction/establishment of milk and milk product testing laboratories

  • Clean milk production kits 

  • Technical input services

  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

  • Manpower and skill development

  • Working capital for dairy co-operative societies and milk union

  • Rehabilitation of defunct/sick

  • Planning and monitoring

Implementing Agencies 

The implementing agency at the state level will be the State Dairy Federation and Milk Unions in other cases. The End Implementing Agencies or EIAs will be the District Milk Unions, New Generation Milk Producer Companies and District Rural Development Authority where District Milk Unions do not exist. 

Rashtriya Gokul Mission  

About the scheme 

Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM) was launched in December 2014 for development and conservation of indigenous breeds through selective breeding in the breeding tract and genetic upgradation of non-descript bovine population. The scheme comprises of two components namely National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB) and National Mission on Bovine Productivity (NMBP). The scheme aims for development and conservation of indigenous breeds, enhancing milk production and productivity of bovine population by increasing disease free high genetic merit female population and check on spread of diseases, distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service, to arrange quality Artificial Insemination (AI) services at farmers’ doorstep, to create e-market portal for bovine germplasm for connecting breeders and farmers, to increase trade of livestock and livestock products by meeting out sanitary and phyto sanitary (SPS) issues and to select breeding bulls of high genetic merit at a young age through application of genomics. 

Benefits 

1. Awards for encouraging farmers/breeder societies to rear indigenous breeds of bovines: In order to motivate farmers for rearing of indigenous breeds and to enhance the production and productivity of indigenous breeds, the following awards have been instituted under RGM every year: 

  • Gopal Ratna Awards: For farmers maintaining the best herd of Indigenous Breed(s) and practicing best management practices. There are three Gopal Ratna Awards (1st, 2nd and 3rd position).

  • Kamdhenu Awards: For Best managed Indigenous Herd by Institutions/Trusts/ NGOs/ Gaushalas or best managed Breeders’ Societies. Kamdhenu Awards are three in number respectively for five regions viz: i) Hill and North Eastern; ii) North; iii) South; iv) East and v) West. 

Each award consists of a citation and an incentive of Rs 5,00,000/-, Rs.3,00,00/-and Rs 1,00,000/- each respectively for 1st, 2nd and 3rd position for every region. In case of equal scoring the cash incentive component of the award is shared accordingly. 

2. Gokul Gram:The Rashtriya Gokul Mission also envisages establishment of integrated cattle development centres ‘Gokul Grams’ to develop indigenous breeds including upto 40 percent nondescript breeds.  

3. “E-Pashu Haat”- Nakul Prajnan Bazaar:An e-market portal connecting breeders and farmers, an authentic market for quality- disease free bovine germplasm in the form of semen, embryos, calves, heifers and adult bovines with different agencies/stake holders. 

4. Pashu Sanjivni:An Animal Wellness Programme encompassing provision of Animal Health Cards (‘Nakul Swasthya Patra’) along with UID identification and uploading data on National Data Base. 

5. Advanced Reproductive Technology:Including Assisted Reproductive Technique- In-vitro Fertilization (IVF)/ Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer (MOET) and sex sorted semen technique to improve availability of disease free female bovines.  

6. National Bovine Genomic Center for Indigenous Breeds (NBGC-IB)will be established for selection of breeding bulls of high genetic merit at a young age using highly precise gene based technology 

Implementing Agencies 

Rashtriya Gokul Mission is being implemented through State Implementing Agencies (SIA) viz. Livestock Development Boards. All Agencies having a role in indigenous cattle development are “Participating Agencies” like CFSPTI, Central Cattle Breeding Farms, ICAR, Universities, Colleges, NGO’s, Cooperative Societies. The scheme is implemented on 100 percent grant-in-aid basis and is operated through-out the country. Rural cattle and buffalo keepers irrespective of caste, class and gender can be benefitted. 

Foot and Mouth Disease – Control Programme (FMD-CP) 

About the scheme 

The Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in India has a serious socio-economic implication. Therefore, in order to control FMD in the country and to minimize the economic losses due to disease, National Level Mission Mode efforts are in place to control FMD through a country-wide vaccination and stringent biosecurity arrangements implemented under Foot and Mouth Disease Control Programme (FMD-CP). The programme is being implemented in entire country since 2017-18. Considering the multi-benefits of FMD control and subsequent eradication of the disease from the zones or country and its importance to benefit the small holder livestock farmers in terms of improvement of livelihood, economic, food and nutrition security, the Government has accorded top priority for implementation of the programme. 

Benefits 

  • The dairy animals will be vaccinated free of cost as the scheme is cent percent sponsored by central government.

  • Each and every outbreak should be investigated to know the epidemiology of the disease with forward and backward linkage.

  • Isolation and containment of sick animals and their treatment.

  • Ring vaccination (5-10 Km) radius around the affected village/area to cover all the susceptible animals including sheep, goats, pigs etc. to prevent virus transmission

  • Restriction/control of movement of infected animals to prevent the spread of the infection.

  • Disinfection and implementation of bio-security measures.

  • Adequate Public awareness campaign in outbreak areas.

Implementing Agencies 

The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India makes policy for implementation of control programme, arrange vaccine supply, other logistic support, cold chain and extend financial support for implementation of the programme. The State Departments of Animal Husbandry are the front line implementers of the said programme. States/UTs where FMD – CP is operational, undertake vaccination in a time bound manner, keep records and provide manpower to undertake various activities under the programme. 

Nationwide Artificial Insemination Programme (NAIP) 

About the scheme 

The scheme was started in September 2019 with aim to inseminate over 1 crore bovines in 6 months and ear-tag them with ‘Pashu Aadhaar’ which is a unique identification provided to the animals so as to enable the Government to identify and track the animals uniquely with all details such as the breed, age, gender and owner details. Under this, every cow and buffalo under AI will be tagged and can be tracked through the Information Network on Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH) Database.   

Benefits 

The major benefit to the farmers is free of cost AI of their dairy animals. Other benefits of the scheme include; providing doorstep reliable AI, birth of genetically superior male and female bovine breeds, increase in milk production, adoption of AI by farmers, increase in farmers’ income, etc.  

Implementing Agencies 

State Livestock Development Board/Milk Federations. End implementing agency also includes Animal Husbandry Departments. This programme is covered under RGM on 100 percent grant in aid basis. 

Kisan Credit Card (KCC) Scheme 

About the scheme 

In the Budget 2018-19, the Union Government announced their decision to extend the facilities of Kisan Credit Card (KCC) to Animal Husbandry farmers and Fisheries (AH & F) to help them meet their working capital requirements. The KCC facility is designed to meet the short term credit requirements of rearing dairy animals. Dairy farmers either individual or joint borrower, Joint Liability Groups or Self Help Groups including tenant farmers having owned /rented/leased sheds are eligible for taking benefit of the scheme. The scale of finance is fixed by the District Level Technical Committee (DLTC) based on local cost worked out on the basis of an individual animal which varies from Rs. 25,000 to 30,000 according to area of operation.  

Benefit 

Soft loan at 7 percent interest is provided to the farmers with interest subvention of 3 percent. Which means that if farmers repay the loan within one production cycle, the final interest accrued on the loan will be 4 percent. Repayment pattern depends on the production cycle of the farmer and cash flows. The working capital provided under KCC scheme is easy to avail and beneficial for the farmers to carry out their day to day expenses towards feeding, veterinary aid, labour, water and electricity supply. 

Implementing agencies 

The administrative approval of the scheme is provided by National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). The scheme is implemented by Animal Husbandry Department of the state/UT and the finance regulated by local nationalized banks as per Reserve Bank of India (RBI) guidelines. 

To learn more about how to get loans for dairy business enroll in the online course on Business Planning for dairy farms by Teplu. Click here

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