Animal Husbandry

How Scientific Practices Can Double Your Income from Goat Rearing?

Abha Toppo
Abha Toppo
goats

In India, goats are among the main source of meat. In fact goat meat is one of the choicest meats & has huge domestic demand. Owing to its good economic prospects, goat rearing under intensive & semi-intensive system for commercial production has been gaining momentum for the last few years. Huge demand for goat & its products with potential of good economic returns have been attracting many progressive farmers as well as youths to take up goat enterprise on a commercial scale.

As goat is a small animal, you don’t have to spend much for it care and management. Even during the drought, its food can be easily arranged. The biggest advantage of goat rearing is that the market is locally available for this. In rural areas, the goat also known as the poor man’s cow, has always been recognized as a safe source of livelihood.

Crossbreed goats

  • Result of crossbreed goat rearing is quite encouraging hence goatery has been subsidiary family income for the landless poor women of Deogarh district

  • Crossbreed goats are less likely to get diseases & their meat is delicious

  • Crossbreed goat weighs 25kg in just 6 months

goats

Modern way of goat farming

Smt. SulochanaKisan, a young tribal woman entrepreneur of Kenduchapal village in Deogarh district has been raising four goats (2 male and 2 female) of local breed. Despite giving maximum time to goat rearing, they were not able to get enough income from them. The main problems they were facing were high cost and high goat death.

Then she came in contact with 'Krishi Vigyan Kendra', Deogarh during a training program at village Kenduchhapal of Tileibani block. She told them about her problem.  The scientists of 'Krishi Vigyan Kendra' visited their farm and gave technical guidelines on health management and advised Sulochana to raise goats of advanced breed. Under the technical guidance of 'Krishi Vigyan Kendra' and local veterinarians, they started goat farming in a scientific way.

She took a loan of Rs 2.5 lakh under SJGSY and started rearing goats of advanced breed like Sirohi and Black Bengal.

KVK, Deogarh gave regular trainings & also organized FLD on improved goat rearing practices such as de-worming, vaccination, feed management, supplementation of minerals and vitamins with help from the State Veterinary Department. Together with these practices, crossbreeding was also done with Boer buck with an idea to obtain more money. Timely de-worming, vaccination & routine checkup reduced the mortality & morbidity rate thus increasing the growth & bodyweight of the goats.

How Income from goat farming increased 

At present, she sells the castrated goat at the cost of Rs.6000 while uncastrated at Rs. 2500. Sulochana sells the female for Rs.3500. In addition, her net annual income is around Rs.50000, whereas the cost of rearing the goats is just Rs. 10,000. Sulochana has become a well-known commercial goat farmer in the district. She has developed and strengthened linkages with the small & traditional goat farmers of the region for taking up breed improvement & organized marketing. Her success story encouraged other landless women of the village & they also joined the same venture for their sustainability.

(Source: KVK, Deogarh)

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