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Best Varieties of Onion in India for Higher Yield & Profits

Sugandh Bhatnagar
Sugandh Bhatnagar

Onion is a crop that has a huge market in India. Onion can be grown in all types of soils such as sandy loam, clay loam & heavy soils. Its seeds take about 6-8 weeks to sprout. It is cultivated in states in India including Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Bihar & Andhra Pradesh.  

It can be cultivated in both Rabi & Kharif seasons. The cultivation of Onions is highly technical depending on environmental conditions such as photoperiod, temperature etc. Keeping that in view, the different research institutes have developed improved varieties suitable for particular regions & seasons. If the right varieties are selected at the time of sowing, then farmers can earn good profits from onion cultivation. 

Top Onion Varieties in India

Although there are many varieties of onions available in the market, in this article we will tell you about the varieties that will give you bumper yields:

Pusa Red: 

The color of this variety of onions is red. Yield of at least 200 to 300 quintals per hectare. No special place of storage is required, keep it anywhere. An onion weighs from 70 to 80 grams. The crop is ready in 120-125 days. 

Pusa Ratnar: 

The shape of this variety of onion is slightly flattened and round. With this dark red color variety, farmers can get 400 to 500 quintals of onion per hectare. This variety of cotton gets ready within 125 days from sowing. 

Hisar – 2: 

This type of onion is also dark red and brown in color. The crop matures 175 days after transplanting. 

The special thing about this variety is that its taste is not spicy and gives a yield of around 300 quintals per hectare. 

Pusa White Flat: 

We sometimes see white colored onions in the market, this is that variety. It matures in 125 to 130 days after transplanting. Shelf life is also good. Farmers can obtain around 280-300 quintals per hectare of yield. 

Pusa Madhvi: 

The bulbs of this variety are roundish flat, light red, 11-13% with good keeping quality; matures in 130-135 days after transplanting. It gives a yield of 300-350 quintals per hectare. 

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