Agripedia

Guide for Profitable, Drumstick Cultivation

Drumstick cultivation is easy, less time consuming and paying as well. Therefore, interested farmers may go in for such endeavor. Drumstick cultivation is easy, less time consuming and paying as well. Therefore, interested farmers may go in for such endeavor.  It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree, native to the southern foothills of the Himalayas in northwestern India, and widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas where its young seed pods and leaves are used as vegetables. It can also be used for water purification and hand washing and is sometimes used in herbal medicine.

The utility of Drumstick (DS)

Every part of drumstick is useful. Tender leaves and sticks have a high amount of Protein, Carbohydrates, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and i\[inerals. Each part is used as medicine. The data presented in Table 2 provided very useful information regarding drumstick.  In addition to sticks and leaves, flowers of  DS  (drumstick)  are valued ingredients of food which are not only tasty but nutritive too. Its juice is useful as a protection from bacterial diseases.

Soil and Climate

It can be grown in a variety of soils, but loamy, sandy loam soils are better suited. Sadie soils and also dry conditions are quite ok.

Variety

GenerallyDS provides flower once in a year, but a variety called Najee gives flower throughout the year. Fruit of Najee is thick and short. "Tatanagar" is a high yielding Najee variety. its fruits are long and it flowers profusely and gi,·es high yields.

Name and qualities of some important varieties are mentioned below:

Raising Seedlings

Seedlings raising is easy. It can be propagated from seed and also from branches. About 15 cm x 7 cm polythene bag is most suited. May - June is the best time. During May - June, Soil and organic manure in 2:1 ratio has to be put in poly packets two seeds are to be put in each packet and kept under shade and watered regularly. Germination takes place after 8-10 days. After 30-35 days seedlings are ready for planting in main land. About 800 gms seeds/ha is enough.

Vegetative Propagation

One to two-meter long branch is cut from the mother plant and planted in soil with adequate moisture and the cut portion of the head is co,·ered with a lump of soil.

Land Preparation and Planting

Deep plowing is done for DS cultivation. Pits measuring 1ft x 1ft x 1ft at a distance of 2.5 m is prepared during summer months. Pits are filled with 2 kg FYM and soil. On the onset of monsoon, the seedlings are planted in the pits. About 1500 plants are needed for a ha of land. Seedlings prepared by vegetative propagation also can be planted in the pits after filling with the manures. The banks of ponds and wastelands can be conveniently used for DS planting. (5)

Intercultural Operation

Timely and proper weeding at the initial stage of growth is needed. Seedlings raised from seeds need to be pruned when plants reach a height of about 3 ft. This helps in the branching of the plants and many fruits could be had from a lower height.

Fertilizer Application

After 3 months of planting, 50 g N, 20 g P20 5 and 25  g  of K 20 are added per pits. In addition, about 5  kg FYM  /vermicompost is to be added per plant.

Irrigation

During dry season irrigation helps for better growth of DS plants.

Plant Protection Measures

DS is highly susceptible to various insects. Caterpillar, hairy caterpillar etc. are some of the common insects. Hairy caterpillars feed on leaves and buds and during day time stay at the base of the plants. This could be conveniently controlled by soap solution application during day time when they gather together at the base of the plants.

Harvesting

After 6 months of 'planting, harvesting it can be done. On average 200 fruits could be obtained. After harvesting, pruning of plants is done to get more branches and fruits in the next season.

From the vegetative propagation tall plants are obtained. Therefore, after harvesting, branches have to be axed. Initially, about 90 fruits per plants are obtained but with the passage of times about 800 - 1000 DS are obtained / plant.



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