1. Animal Husbandry

Subsidies in Fisheries sector! Hybrid Solar Wind Energy Generator: Building Climate Change Resilient Fisheries Sector

Hitul Awasthi
Hitul Awasthi

With the increase in Green House Gas (GHGs) emissions, there has been an increase in the temperature of earth surface, leading to climate change. Thus, there is a need to chalk out plans for building resilient food systems. In fisheries, HSD oil is used as fuel in fishing vessels, for post-harvest processing, cold-chain maintenance, etc. Further, electricity from thermal power plants is required for operating modern aquaculture systems. 

Keeping these things in mind, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India, initiated a scheme to provide financial assistance for promoting non-conventional energy (NCE) source for eco-friendly practices under the scheme “Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries”. 

Hybrid Solar Wind Energy Generator – 

The National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) provides financial assistance for installing ‘Hybrid Solar Wind Energy Generator’. It is designed for on and off grid installations at inland, on-shore and off-shore locations. 

The Hybrid generator can be installed to provide alternate source of energy for operating any fisheries related unit located inland or along the coast. 


  1. Reduces dependence on fossil fuels 
  2. Environment friendly technology 
  3. 24-hour power supply facility 
  4. Help in illuminating cage cultures 
  5. Can operate some small scale ice-plants in remote areas 
  6. Can help in running pumps, aerators, filters 

 Features of Hybrid Solar Wind Mill – 

(Source: NFDB) 

Wind Component:  

  • Compact low profile vertical axis wind turbine  
  • Wind speed range : 2m/s to 18.5 m/s  
  • Power output range: 143 W to 500 W  

Solar Component:  

  • Mono-crystalline solar cell: 60 per panel  
  • Maximum power output: 250 W, 1000V 
  • Simple mounting of multiple panels  

Entire Component:  

  • Small Foot Print: Dimensions 146 cm (L) x 85 cm (W) x 190 cm (H)  
  • Minimizes backup battery storage requirements  
  • Online tool for power generation monitoring  
  • Material: UV Resistant HDPE E Design Life-span: 20 years 

Beneficiaries – 

Beneficiaries include fishermen and their cooperative societies/ self help groups (SHGs), fish farmers, entrepreneurs, fisheries establishments in states and union territories 

Pattern of Financial Assistance – 

  • For individual beneficiaries/entrepreneurs 


NFDB Assistance 

Beneficiaries share 




SC/ST/Women and their cooperatives 



  • For States/ UTs and their agencies/ organizations/ federations/ cooperatives/ institutes 


NFDB Assistance 

State/UT share 

Other States 



North East and Hilly states 



UTs/ GOI Organizations/ Institutes 



Unit Costs of Hybrid Solar Wind Mill Modules – (Sourcs: NFDB) 


Title of Project 

Unit Cost (in lakhs) 

Supply and Installation of 2.25 KW Hybrid Solar Wind Mill for Cage Culture Units in Inland Open Waters 


Supply and Installation of 800 W Hybrid Solar wind Mill for Small Marine Fishing Boat (OAL up to 10m) 


Supply and installation of 4 KW Hybrid Solar wind Mill for Large Marine Fishing Vessel (OAL up to 20m) 


Supply and installation of 40 KW Hybrid Solar Wind Mill for Seawater Block-Ice Plant 


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