Animal Husbandry

World Veterinary Day 2020: Important Livestock Management Tips for Doubling Farmer’s Income

Pronami Chetia
Pronami Chetia

World Veterinary Day is one of the most important days to celebrate the contributions of veterinarians to the health of animals and society across the globe. Moreover, veterinarians play an important role in livestock farming and rural India. 25th April is the day devoted to celebrate the work of veterinarians to protect our environment, animal health and livestock farming.

Moreover, Livestock farming plays an important role in farmer’s livelihood and considered as one of the most profitable agri related business. Proper livestock management is the key to an animal’s health as well as for profitable livestock farming.

Hence, we have listed out a few best practices to apply in your livestock farming which makes your livestock management easy and efficient so that your cattle give better results:

1. Give Right Food Supplements to Livestock

Supplements have proved to improve animal health as well as productivity by encouraging the growth of helpful microbes in the rumen. Red clover is famous for an enzyme called Trifolium pratense that increases the capability of your livestock to take in dietary protein. The presence of clover in the feed helps in improving milk production and also increases the appetite of livestock. Tar brush supplements avoid gastrointestinal acidosis in livestock and reduce the release of greenhouses gasses. Azolla Caroliniana (a water fern grown in ponds) offers added protein to animals that are lacking in protein. By including supplements to your farm animals daily feed is the best way to increase the productivity of ruminant animals. 

2. Must Provide Nutritional Diet

Always select feedstuffs that are loaded with nutrients so that your cattle reach their best levels of production. A smaller amount of red meat and more feed variability will maximize the production of both - milk and meat. Feeding animals with less human food and letting them graze pastures that have rich-fibre content will improve their overall nutrition-ingestion and resistance to unbearable diseases.  

3. Use of Technology in Livestock Farming

Technology facilitates reliable and accurate examining of animal health by providing appropriate and accurate interpretations in the form of structural figures. The arrival of imaging tools and livestock scales permit remote monitoring of animal health and help farmers in making informed decisions regarding rearing and feeding patterns. You will get several makes and models of livestock scales on the market depending on your resources. These automated cattle scales are long-lasting, cost-effective and accurate for:

  • Checking animal health

  • Knowing their exact weight before breeding

  • Evaluating the conversion of feed

  • Assessing their performance

4. Track animal Performance

If you track the performance of livestock, you can easily recognize healthy breeds that do better and pick the unproductive breeds and use them for other things. Checking animal weight facilitates early recognition of diseases and prevents the dangerous disease from spreading to other animals in the farm. Monitoring livestock will also help in selecting right weaning time and choosing animals for cross breeding.  

5. Take Suitable Precautions

Animals that are imported from moderate climates often lack resistance to heat, humidity, ticks, parasites and tropical diseases hence it is essential to keep them in dirt free stalls where they stay away from disease vectors. Instead of letting your farm animals to graze, you must cut the silage and give them at the stalls. You can also purchase imported feed that assures quality.

6. Customize Practices Favorable to Local Climate

A number of people depend on livestock for livelihood but the benefits of rearing cattle could stop if the customary farming practices and conventional grazing are restored with industrial systems that do not take natural factors into deliberation. Altering farm practices for-profits will work only when the local breeds, resources as well as feedstuffs are utilized and wastage is reduced. Local breeds, when given a proper diet along with fresh water and supplements, will stay healthy and be productive and profitable for the farmers.

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