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Potato Cultivation: Soil Preparation to Obtain the Finest Potatoes

Fertilizers and lime can be used to modify the chemical characteristics of soil in a simple way. Changing the field's physical qualities, on the other hand, can be extremely difficult, if not impossible. That is why field selection is so important (combining the physical properties of the field with the crop's requirements).

Kritika Madhukar

Potatoes can only grow in well-drained soil and loathe wet soil. They can spread more easily in thick, packed, and loamy soil that hinders plant roots from obtaining the air and water they require because they do all of their growing undergrounds.

It has been discovered that proper soil preparation has a major impact on product homogeneity. In loose, loamy soil, potato plants can develop more efficiently. There are two approaches to improving the condition of your soil. First, the physical and chemical qualities of the soil affect crop productivity. 

Let's look at some additional details about potato plant soil preparation.

Maintaining Soil pH

Potatoes require a little extra attention as they are heavy feeders. Provide your potato plants with plenty of fertilizers and keep them nourished. Although maintaining an optimal soil pH is of utmost importance, providing the plant with only fertilizer won't help. The ideal soil pH for producing potatoes is between 5.0 and 6.0. In high pH soil, potatoes will survive overgrowth up to 4.5 and 8.0, but the crop will suffer.

Although phosphorus and other micronutrients are present in the soil, potatoes grown in soil with a pH of 7.5 or above will experience phosphorus consumption and other micronutrient deficits. Phosphorus and molybdenum utilization will be limited in low pH acidic soil, resulting in immature plants with yellow leaves.

Soil Compost

Not only clay soil, but all soil types will benefit from compost. This is due to the presence of organic elements and nutrients in the compost. Compost improves soil structure while also providing nutrition to plants. In general, the higher the organic matter content, the higher the soil productivity. As a result, efforts should be taken to keep organic matter levels above 3%.

Organic matter improves the soil's structure, moisture, air, warmth, and nutritional system, and minimizes the likelihood of soil erosion.

Making compost from the yard and kitchen scraps, which you may already have, is the finest part. Although compost and covered crops can help restore certain soil nutrients, fertilizer is occasionally required. This is particularly true if you're producing heavy feeder crops that require a lot of nutrients.

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