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Water Consumption: Profitable Farming Methods to Reduce Water Usage by 80% & Increase Crop Production

Vivek Verma
Vivek Verma
Water Conservation

Learn below about Smart Water Management- How Much, How Often and When to use water for agricultural practices. Learn how you can increase water holding capacity of soil and maintain soil moisture for farming in dry season. With less water usage, how you can produce healthier crops.

About 40% of the Earth’s surface is covered by Agriculture. By 2050, due to rise in population more land to meet the needs of the people. Fresh water reserves have reduced in the last 50 years and the demand have increased worldwide. Agriculture accounts for 70% of water consumption all around the world. Water wastage can lead to over-watered crops, soil erosion and unnecessary spend.

Farmers are integral part of our society and economy. They can play an immensely important part in reducing water waste and water consumption. Some farmers who are Sustainability-minded are already looking and using various methods for water saving.

Methods to Conserve Water & Increase your Crop Yields

1. Drip Irrigation:

These irrigation systems deliver water directly to roots of plants. This reduce water evaporation that happens due to Spray Watering Systems. They also carry fertilizers directly to roots of plants that results in better absorption. You can even schedule watering timings using timers. This will further reduce water loss. Drip irrigation systems are so effective that they can save around 80% of water while also increasing crop yields.

2. Rainwater Harvesting:

The importance of rainwater is critical for global agricultural practices. In the times of drought and low rainfall, conserved rainwater can be used for increasing yields. By planting pits or building your own ponds and then adding organic materials into them, you can hold the captured rainwater for much longer. Properly managed pits and ponds can help in storing and using the rainwater throughout the year.

3. Use Cover Crops:

These type of crops are planted to protect soil as soil health is critical for water conservation. Cover crops helps in increasing soil fertility and prevent from soil erosion. These practices helps in keeping water and nutrients in the soil. This allows a much easier water penetration into the soil and also improves its water holding capacity. In addition to this, you can plant trees and do inter-cropping in your farm for its diversification and maximum yields.

4. Schedule Irrigation:

It is essential to about your crops and when and how much should be used for them. For avoiding the problem of over and under watering the crops, you can monitor plant and soil moisture. Then you can adapt your irrigation scheduling according to current conditions. There are various sensors in the market that are low in cost and have really long battery lives, they will make the process much easier by telling you about soil moisture and its temperature. You can then plan on how, when and if to water.

5. Choose Drought Tolerant Crops:

All the crops you choose to grow should be ideal for your local climate. These crops have a better chance to survive in natural weather conditions in your region easily. Various crop varieties have been shortlisted overtime for their low water tolerance. They can help in cut down on watering. This is another way you can get more yields in drought or low rainfall times.

6. Crops Rotation:

This is a common but effective practice. Many farmers do crop rotation around the year. This increases soil fertility and increases soil water absorption. This helps in maintaining soil moisture and make it more drought resistant.

7. Maintain Soil Quality:

Higher quality of soil ensures better ability to hold moisture and oxygen for crops, thus reducing the amount of water needed on regular basis. For fertilizing compost or decomposed organic matter can be used. Mulch can also be used to spread on top of the soil to conserve moisture.

8. Going Organic:

Organic methods helps in retaining soil moisture, save water streams and water bodies from pesticides. Furthermore, organically grown crops produce better yields than non-organic in drought conditions.

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