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Value Added Product of Rose and Jasmine

Value added products of Rose 

Cut flower

Roses are a popular crop for both domestic and commercial cut flowers. Generally they are harvested and cut when in bud, and held in refrigerated conditions until ready for display at their point of sale. In temperate climates, cut roses are often grown in the glasshouse, and in warmer countries they may also be grown under cover in order to ensure that the flowers are not damaged by weather and that pest and disease control can be carried out effectively. Significant quantities are grown in some tropical countries, and these are shipped by air to markets across the world.  

Perfume 

Rose perfumes are made from atter of roses or rose oil, which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling the crushed petals of roses. An associated product is rose water which is used for cooking, cosmetics, medicine and in religious practices.  

Food and drink

Rose hips are occasionally made into jam, jelly. marmalade, and soup. or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content. They are also pressed and filtered to make rose hip syrup. Rose hips are also used to produce Rose hip seed oil, Rose hips seed oil which is used in skin products and some makeup products. 

Rose water 

Rose water is also an important product obtained from the rose petal. It used as a perfume and medicinal purposes. Rose water has a very distinctive flavor and is used heavily in Persian and Middle Eastern cuisine—especially in sweets such as nougat, gumdrops, raahat and  baklava. Rose water used in perfume and eye drop 

Herbal tea

Rose petals or flower buds are sometimes used to flavour ordinary tea, or combined with other herbs to make herbal teas. 

Gulkand 

Rose petals are also preserved for direct consumption, by making gulkand which is prepared by pounding equal proportion of petals and white sugar. It is considered both as tonic and laxative. 

Rose syrup

In France there is much use of rose syrup, most commonly made from an extract of rose petals. In the United States, this French rose syrup is used to make rose scones and marshamallows.  

Rose flowers are used as food, also usually as flavouring or to add their scent to food. Other minor uses include candied rose petals.  

Rose oil

Rose oil is an important commercial product obtained from rose petals. Apart from sweet fragrance, it has medicinal properties and is often used in Ayurveda. Bulgarian rose otto largely used in perfuming soaps and cosmetic. 

Rose creams 

Rose flavoured fondant covered in chocolate, often topped with a crystallised rose petal) are a traditional English confectionery widely available from numerous producers in the UK. 

Value added products of Jasmine 

Jasmine tea 

Green tea with jasmine flowers. Jasmine tea is consumed in China, where it is called jasmine-flower tea. Flowers are also used to make jasmine tea, which often has a base of green tea or white tea, but sometimes an Oolong base is used. 

Jasmine essential oil   

The petals of the flower are much too delicate and would be destroyed by the distillation process used in creating essential oils. Other than the processing method it is essentially the same as an essential oil. 

  • Absolute is a technical term used to denote the process of extraction.

  • It is in common use. 

  • Its flowers are either extracted by the labor-intensive method of enfleurage or through chemical extraction. 

  • It is expensive due to a large number of flowers needed to produce a small amount of oil.  

  • The flowers have to be gathered at night because the odor of jasmine is more powerful after dark. 

  • The flowers are laid out on cotton cloths soaked in olive oil for several days and then extracted leaving the true jasmine essence.

  • Some of the countries producing jasmine essential oil are India, Egypt, China, and Morocco. 

Jasmine Perfume and Incense 

Jasmine (Jasminum officinale) absolute 

Many species also yield an absolute, which is used in perfumes and incense. Its chemical constituents include methy anthranilate, indole benzyl alcohol linalool and skatole. 

Jasmonates 

Jasmine gave name to the jasmonate plant hormones as methy jasmonate isolated from the jasmine oil of Jasminum grandiflorum led to the discovery of the molecular structure of Jasmonates. 

Details

Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture
Pt. KLS College of Horticulture & Research Station 
Rajnandgaon- 491441(C.G.) India 
hemantdevelopment09@gmail.com. 


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