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IISR-Kozhikode Introduces a New High-Yielding Pepper Variety

The 'IISR Chandra' variety is anticipated to significantly impact the black pepper industry, potentially serving as a transformative force.

Shivangi Rai
The innovative method has endowed 'IISR Chandra' with exceptional potential in both quality and yield. (Photo: Canva)
The innovative method has endowed 'IISR Chandra' with exceptional potential in both quality and yield. (Photo: Canva)

The Indian Institute of Spices Research (IISR) in Kozhikode has achieved a significant breakthrough by successfully creating a high-yielding black pepper variety named 'IISR Chandra.'

This accomplishment is the outcome of an extensive research and development process, including the complete sequencing of the variety's genome.

Diverging from conventional methods, the researchers employed a unique approach in developing 'IISR Chandra.' They crossbred two pepper varieties, Cholamundi and Thommankodi, resulting in a hybrid. This hybrid was then back-crossed with Thommankodi to preserve all the desired traits from the parent varieties. The innovative method has endowed 'IISR Chandra' with exceptional potential in both quality and yield.

With its long spikes, compact arrangement, and robust berries, this variety has the capacity to yield an impressive 7.5 kg of pepper per vine. Notably, its optimal spike intensity surpasses that of existing varieties, adding to its appeal.

R. Dinesh, the Director of IISR, emphasized that 'IISR Chandra' could be a game-changer for the black pepper economy in India. He suggested that this new variety has the potential to outperform and even replace some of the currently cultivated black pepper varieties.

The dedicated research team, including M.S. Sivakumar, B. Sasikumar, K.V. Saji, T.E. Sheeja, K.S. Krishnamurthy, and Sivaranjani, played a crucial role in developing this groundbreaking variety.

IISR officials announced their intention to grant licenses for commercial production to interested individuals, farmers, and nurseries. Eight such license agreements are set to be executed on November 22 at the institute, marking a significant step toward the widespread cultivation of 'IISR Chandra.'

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