Agriculture World

Choose the Varieties of Paddy According to Your Region & Get Maximum Yield

Rishabh Bhan
Rishabh Bhan

Paddy or rice is the most important food crop of India which covers a quarter of the total cropped area. Paddy is the food of about half of the Indian population. It is consumed by a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia. It is the agricultural food crop with the third highest worldwide production after sugarcane and maize. Paddy is one of the oldest known crops.

It was grown in China in the largest form around 5000 years ago. Paddy in India dates back to 3000 CE. Its discovery was not made by any scientist but by farmers and native people.

Paddy cultivating countries

Paddy is grown successfully in regions with hot climate. Most of the world's paddy is grown in Southeast Asia,  China, Japan, India, Indochina, Korea, Thailand, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are the major rice growing countries. Paddy cultivation is also practiced in a wide area in Italy, Egypt and Spain. Major paddy cultivation states of India are Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, West Bengal, & Uttar Pradesh.

Choose the varieties of paddy according to your region

The farmer should choose the varieties of paddy according to their region, while varieties of paddy are developed according to the different region in the state, because the soil, environment of every place is different.

Unirrigated condition: Narendra-118, Narendra-97, Saket-4, Barani Deep, dry emperor, Narendra Lalmani

Irrigated condition: For irrigated areas, early ripening varieties include Pusa-169, Narendra-80, Pant Paddy-12, Malaviya Paddy-3022, Narendra Paddy-2065 and medium ripening varieties Pant Paddy-10, Pant Paddy-4, Sarju-52, Narendra-359, Narendra-2064, Narendra Dhan-2064, Pusa-44, PNR-381 are the major varieties.

Varieties of paddy for the land: Narendra Osar Paddy-3, Narendra Paddy-5050, Narendra Osar Paddy-2008, Narendra Osar Paddy-2009.

Varieties of Rice

There are 3000 varieties of rice in India, of which some varieties of rice are ready in a short time. Short-duration rice varieties are ready in 60 to 75 days. Among the high-yielding rice seeds are IR-5, IR-20, IR-22 and Taichung

Yield

The average rice production in India is around 2000 kg per hectare, which is three times that of 1950-51, but Egypt (6500 kg / ha), United States (6500 kg / ha) and Japan (6400 kg / ha). The main reason for low production per hectare is not to use water, manure etc. properly.

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