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How farmers can earn more Profit in winters?

Tooba Maher
Tooba Maher
Indian farmer

The work of farmers does not stop in winters; in fact they work hard throughout the year. In winters due to cold temperature and rains it can be a real struggle for farmers to cope up with these problems. 

This article will help the farmers to face all the winter challenges, prepare their farms in winters, protect their crops and thus surviving the winter chill in a profitable manner.  

Beneficial Winter Tips for Farmers

Here are some helpful tips for farmers to help increase farm income;

1. Cover Plants and Use Cover Crops

Covering the plants will help create heat around them. Covered crops cover the soil and provide root systems for the microbiology below the surface to gain and regain nutrients.  A part of your farm which does not have edible crops for harvest should have crops that nourish the soil. Wet soil in winter loses soil nutrition but cover crops keep the soil alive and healthy.  In a really cold weather place row covers directly over the plants and then another section over hoops for double protection.

2. Avoid Ice Water 

One important advice for livestock farmers is to avoid chilled water. Though livestock needs a lot of water in winter, chilled water will not help.  Use larger tanks of water which have more thermal mass. This will help in retaining the heat of water by keeping it warm.  

3. Avoid the Wind

Plant thick edges of trees along your fencerow or use physical barriers like barns or gates with blankets so that animals can get protected from wind. 

4. Dry Shelter 

Dry place is the best for livestock. Provide shelter for your animals. The shelter should match the herd size such as mobile shelter or a small barn. 

5. Hardy Breeds 

Prefer breeding or purchasing hardier stocks of animals.  One important advice, though you can move cattle north and west, never move them south and east. Example- if you want a hardier cow, don’t go too far north to get them or it may be the summer where you will have issues.   

Concentrate on genetics not location. 

6. Feed Hay 

Feed hay early to retain better grass during the winter. Stockpile your fall grasses.

7. Rotate Animals Regularly 

Rotate your animals as much as possible in winters rather than making them stay in one place for too long. 

8. Night Feeding 

Feeding cows at night during severe winters will increase heat production during the night by the activity of eating and ruminating. 

9. Supplemental Feed 

Always keep supplemental feed. Protecting feed is a beneficial step that should be taken. 

10. Birthing Centers 

Prepare a warm, safe spot if the birth of baby animals is expected in extreme winters. Keep straw for bedding and make shift shelter. 

11. Proper Ventilation 

Store a bunch of moisture, ammonia, pathogens and dust in barn. Any barn in which you plan to house animals for the winter must have proper ventilation or the animals may wind up with severe skin, eye and respiratory issues. 

12. Exercise 

 Exercise is good for animals’ health, muscles and general well-being to get them moving. Hence it is necessary. 

13. Hydrate 

It is essential for a farmer to drink plenty of water when working outside in the winter, as dehydration is a common problem. Bring coffee or cocoa in a thermos. A hot beverage can warm you up. 

14. Nutritious Food 

It is important for a farmer to fuel his body with nutritious food and healthy meals. 

15. First-Aid Kit 

It is essential for farmers to carry a first-aid kit, a pocket knife, headlamp, radio and a cell phone. 

16. Extra Clothing 

A farmer should dress in layers in winters and also carry extra warm clothes to regulate body temperature and stay comfortable. It is easier for a farmer to work if he is more comfortable. 

Thus, farmers should follow these guidelines while stepping out for work in winters.  

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