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Mushroom Farming Business: Requirements & Training

Sangeeta Soni
Sangeeta Soni
Mushroom Farming
Mushroom Farming

A mushroom is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus. Many people confuse it as a vegetable. But mushroom is not a vegetable, some species of mushrooms are edible and are grown and eaten worldwide. Cultivation of mushroom and other fungi is generally called fungiculture.

Cultivation of mushroom is not very difficult, it just requires suitable atmosphere, correct combination of humidity, and temperature.

In India, mostly these three kinds of mushrooms are grown-

Mushroom Farming in India

Mushroom farming is becoming popular these days in India, and is actually the most productive and profitable business.

Mushroom farming is a six step process-

Compost Preparation

This is the first step in mushroom farming, and is generally done outdoors in an enclosed structure with a shade. Composting is done with a concrete slab, compost turner, compost ingredients, and trolley.

Finishing the compost

This step includes pasteurization to kill unwanted bacteria, insects, pests, fungi, nematodes or any other issues.


Spawning is somewhat similar to the seedling stage in agriculture means keeping the spawn of mushrooms evenly on the tray and distributing it ergonomically, and covering it with a thin layer of compost.


It is a covering applied to the spawn-run compost (constituents- field soil clay-loan, mixture of peat moss with ground limestone) on which the mushrooms slowly and steadily form.


Once the mycelium starts growing onto the surface of soil cooling down is done. After 5-6 days of cooling down, the fluffy mycelium starts to contract resulting in the formation of pin.


This is the final and the most important step.

Mushroom Cultivation Training

Other than these, there are many private institutions that provide mushroom cultivation training.

Here is the complete guide for mushroom cultivation.

How to Start Mushroom Farming Business?

  • Mushroom farming business involves low investment and a higher profit margin. If you are also planning to start your own mushroom farming business, here are some important guidelines for you.

  • You will require around 100 to 500 square feet area as per your business size, and investment also depends on the same.

  • Before starting your mushroom farming business, make sure you decide your target customers. Your customers can be hotels, restaurants, cafes, pharma industries, retail stores, supermarket, etc.

  • After deciding your target customers, you can plan the business model as per the requirements of your customers.

  • And the last thing you have to focus is the required machinery & manpower, it depends on your business size.

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