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Polyhouse Garlic Farming: Top Varieties, Soil, Fertilizer Requirements, Weed Management & More

Polyhouse is a type of modern agriculture in which crop output is increased by establishing the same modified climate by enclosing a steel or bamboo structure with a UV stabilized (200 microns) film. Plants may be cultivated in a polyhouse regardless of weather conditions because it is a closed structure.

Shivani Meena
Cultivation in Polyhouse can yield high produce of many crops
Cultivation in Polyhouse can yield high produce of many crops

Hello there, polyhouse farmers. Do you want to cultivate garlic in a polyhouse? You've come to the right place to understand the fundamentals of polyhouse garlic cultivation. Garlic is a plant of the Allium family, which includes onions, shallots, and leeks. A clove is a piece of a garlic bulb, and there are typically 10-20 cloves in a single bulb. Garlic contains a high concentration of proteins, phosphate, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and carbohydrates.

Polyhouse: The great fit for Garlic farming

Polyhouse farming is a popular greenhouse technology in developing nations such as India due to its inexpensive construction costs and ease of upkeep. The size of the polyhouse construction can range from small shacks to large buildings, depending on the demand. The garlic plants in polyhouse farming are healthy and vigorous. Fertilizer application is simplified and automated with the aid of a drip irrigation system. Garlic plants benefit from the correct environmental conditions in every season when grown in a polyhouse.

Soil Requirement for Polyhouse Garlic farming

Garlic cultivation requires well-drained loamy soils that are rich in humus and have a high potash content. Garlic grown in sandy or loose soil produces malformed bulbs, and many bulbs are broken and damaged during harvest, so they do not keep well enough in storage.

Although garlic may grow in a variety of soil types, loamy soil with natural drainage is ideal for this crop. Because garlic is sensitive to acidic and alkaline soils, a pH level of 6-8 is ideal for optimal growth. Soils with high organic content, excellent moisture, and high nutritional content contribute to bulb formation.

Varieties for Polyhouse Garlic Farming

Garlic crops do not have a distinct variety. Local varieties are either white with fairly large bulbs, better keeping quality, and higher production, or red with pungency. In commercial garlic polyhouse farming, high producing and disease-resistant garlic varieties are used. Agrifound White, Agrifound Parvati, Agrifound Parvati 2 Yamuna Safed, Yamuna Safed 2, Yamuna Safed 3, GG-4, Phule Baswant, VL Lahsun 2, VL Garlic 1, and Ooty 1, are the excellent yielding and disease resistant garlic varieties.

Irrigation requirements for Polyhouse Garlic farming

After sowing, the field is irrigated for the first time, and subsequently every 10 -15 days, depending on soil moisture availability. The growth of the bulbs will be hampered if there is a lack of moisture during the growing season. To make harvesting easier without harming the bulbs, the last irrigation should be provided 2 to 3 days before harvesting.

The best method is to water the crop regularly. It must be irrigated: It must be irrigated:

  • Immediately after planting;

  • At intervals of one week to ten days, depending on soil moisture content.

Weed management and Fertilizer requirements

Garlic buds germinate within 7 to 8 days. Weed germination occurs 3 to 4 days after seed cloves are planted. As a result, good weed management is a critical necessity and importance in garlic.

Dung compost at a level of 200-300 q/ha is required, as is a nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash ratio of 100:50:50 kilo per hectare. During the manufacture of the compost, the complete amount of phosphorus, potash, and 1/3 of the nitrogen is used, with the remaining nitrogen separated into two halves. One at 25 to 30 days and the other at 40-45 days of transplantation.

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