1. Animal Husbandry

Beginner's Guide to Java Sparrows Breeding

Priyanka Menon
Priyanka Menon

Java sparrows are generally beautiful birds like love birds to look at. The oily body of these birds, which sing beautifully, is very attractive to us. Most of the people who come looking for Love Birds are in need of Java Sparrows.

How to identify male and female species of Java sparrows

Male birds are good singers among the Java sparrows, which are usually found in black, gray, and white. The male and female birds are easy to identify. The mating age is 4 to 5 months. It is only when they are mature that we can distinguish between male and female birds. The beak of the male is larger, the beak slightly redder, and the circle around the eyes is thicker and redder, and the male can be seen singing well, which distinguishes the male from the female. The size of the beak of the female is slightly smaller and less red. The circles around the eyes are also thinner.

Diet of the Java Sparrows

The main food is millet. You can also give a small amount of paddy and seed mix. In addition, egg food is one of the main foods. It is best to give once a week. It is also advisable to give egg food daily to the chicks when they hatch. Boiled eggs can be peeled once a week. Boiled or sprouted beans twice a week is good for the health of the bird. Carrots and beetroot can be given like fiber. Cucumber can be chopped in hot weather. Giving calcium & vitamin supplements to birds at least 2 times a month is good for regaining lost health. In addition, mint leaves, feverfew leaves, moringa and spinach can be given alternately.

How to make a nest?

For a pair of Java birds, a nest 2 feet long, 2 feet wide and 2 feet high will suffice. When building nests, it is important to pay attention to the net used in it. Try to make nests with nets as small as half an inch. Small pots or wooden boxes can be used inside the cage. Java birds mate at 5 months of age. After 8 to 10 months of mating, diseases such as egg binding can be avoided. The cage should always have millet and fresh drinking water available.

A pair of birds is good for getting more babies and preventing diseases. Males and females of mature age can be kept in cages. Pairing the same color will help maintain the breed quality. Java sparrows are some of the most fearful birds. So be careful not to scare them. They mate only when they feel safe and secure and want privacy. For that, the top of the cage can be hidden. Putting a 40-watt bulb in the cage for a while in the morning and evening during the rainy season will protect them from the cold. The male attracts the mate by singing to the female, and the female lays 4 to 7 eggs within 7 to 10 days of mating. The number of eggs varies according to the age and health of the female. It takes 16 to 22 days for the eggs to hatch. Eggs can be removed at least 28 days after hatching. Food & Vegetables can be given to the babies to grow faster.

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