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World Asthma Day 2022: Theme, Significance, Triggers & Tips

The disease is spreading at an alarming rate, and unless there is worldwide collaboration and public awareness, the numbers will continue to rise. This is where the requirement for World Asthma Day comes into play.

Shruti Kandwal
World Asthma Day 2022
World Asthma Day 2022

World Asthma Day, a movement aimed at increasing asthma awareness and improving asthma care throughout the world. To commemorate the occasion, healthcare organizations throughout the world are planning a variety of activities. It falls on May 3rd this year.

In 1998, more than 35 nations observed World Asthma Day, which occurred with the inaugural World Asthma Meeting in Barcelona, Spain. Since then, the day has grown to be one of the most significant asthma awareness activities.

Importance of World Asthma Day

Asthma affects people of all ages, genders, and races all across the world. This needs widespread knowledge, inexpensive and high-quality healthcare, and a coordinated global response. Every year, over 300 million individuals are affected by asthma, and what's worse is that it is frequently misdiagnosed, leading to premature deaths. Early detection and treatment, for which awareness is critical, can save lives. The disease is spreading at an alarming rate, and unless there is worldwide collaboration and public awareness, the numbers will continue to rise. This is where the requirement for World Asthma Day comes into play.

Some common Asthma Symptoms

  • Shortness of breath

  • Chest tightness

  • Wheezing

  • Coughing

Some common Triggers of Asthma

  • Weather change

  • Exposure to dust, tree or grass pollen

  • Exposure to strong odours, such as perfumes and aroma compounds

  • Smoke or occupational dust exposure

  • Exposure to specific classes of medicines, such as aspirin and NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, and blood pressure medications are examples of such medications (Beta blockers)

  • Stress

  • Non-compliance with treatment

  • Abuse of alcohol, cigarettes, or drugs

  • Problems with employment or money that led to non-compliance

  • Viral Infections

  • People who have exercise-induced asthma will find that their symptoms worsen during exercising.

Tips to keep your asthma under control

  • Recognize and avoid your triggers

  • Asthma medicine should be taken exactly as advised by your doctor

  • Learn how to correctly use your inhaler

  • Quit smoking and avoid second-hand smoke

  • Take charge of your asthma by developing an asthma action plan.

Clinical history and respiratory tests can be used to diagnose asthma (pulmonary function test-Spirometry). Asthma has no cure; however, symptoms can be reduced with proper asthma therapy and management.

Asthma may be treated by taking medications as prescribed by a doctor and learning to avoid factors that induce asthma symptoms.

World Asthma Day Theme

The theme for the 2022 World Asthma Day has been chosen by GINA as 'Closing Gaps in Asthma Care.'

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