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Crop Relic Management: Solution for stubble burning and air pollution

According to a report of the Center-run "System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR)", 32 percent of pollution in Delhi this year is due to burning in Punjab and Haryana due to pollution. Even after different efforts of the government, the farmers continue to burn. Instead of  burning stubble, farmers adopt the following crop residual management measures and protect the environment from pollution, increase the fertility of the land, germinate gold from the earth.

1. Make compost

  • Spray urea in the crop residues by the local method and make fertilizer. 

  • Farmers make compost using a mixture of microorganisms used in the lab in the porous tank

  • Farmers can make fertilizer in open or in pits according to season

2. Mix the crop residues in the soil

Mix the crop residues in the soil by the following agricultural machinery, make residues, soil mother's diet

  • Cut the crop residue into finely chopped sections with Straw Chopper and spread it over the ground. After that, please direct the wheat sowing by Happy seedar.

  • Add the crop residue to the soil by mulcher. Press crop residue in the soil by the reversible solution. Make the manure by decomposition.

  • Make gums of crop residues using a straw chopper, he-rack, and straw baler.

  • Apply zero-drill, rotavator, reaper-binder and other local useful and cheap agricultural equipment for crop residue management. 

3. Build energy

Bring the pieces of crop residues in the biomass plant, biogas plant or ethanol plant and earn 6000 to 7000 per acre.

4. Make biochar

Make a biochar (a kind of raw coal) by using a farmer's brother furnace. By using biochar as compost, increase the bulk density and porcine of the soil and yield more yield.

5. Home Use

  • Baler - Use to heat the water in the geyser

  • Keep the rooms warm and cool by insulating roofs.

  • Make animal fodder from the knots of crop residues

  • Use as a shade for animals

6. Use in industries

  • Farmers earn money by selling the nearby Rice Mill, cardboard factory, paper mill, packing of glass and sanitary wares, and other need-based factories and earn their income.

7. Home Use

  • Baler - Use to heat the water in the geyser.

  • Keep the rooms warm and cool by insulating roofs.

  • Make animal fodder from the knots of crop residues.

  • Use as a shade for animals.

8. Use in industries

  • Farmers earn money by selling the nearby Rice Mill, cardboard factory, paper mill, packing of glass and sanitary wares, and other need-based factories and earn their income.

Farmers can increase their livelihood by taking advantage of the benefits given by the government and can keep the environment pollution free. Some steps taken by the government in the interest of farmers:

  • 50% subsidy for farmers to purchase crop residue management machinery.

  • Grant up to 80 percent for the establishment of custom healing center for crop residue management machinery.

Please contact the department's website at www.agriharyana.in and www.agriharyana.nic.in for detailed information on different schemes of Haryana and Agriculture Welfare Department, Haryana.

Dr. Tanvi and Dr. Ankit Kumar
Microbiological Department, CCHHU, Hisar (Haryana)
Department of Animal Medicine Sciences, Luvas, Hisar (Haryana)


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