1. Health & Lifestyle

‘World Diabetes Day’: Know about Different Types of Diabetes and Best Foods to Control it

Pronami Chetia
Pronami Chetia
best foods for diabeties

‘Diabetes’ is one of the most common and growing diseases in India. Moreover, India can be called as the diabetic capital of the world. Today, on November 14, which is universally declared as the World Diabetes Day, we need to seriously put some major concerns for this growing disease and to put a full stop on it. It has become really essential to raise awareness and some lifestyle changes to tackle diabetes while one-third of the population is hardly aware of.

According to the International Diabetes Federation reports, Diabetes affects 8.8% of India’s adult population with 72,946,400 cases in 2014. Moreover, Lifestyle and food habits factors amplifying the risk for diabetes are on the rise in India. Let’s know about the foods which can help you to control your diabetes.

Know the Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is referred to a group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the blood. High blood sugar occurs when your body can't effectively transport sugar from the blood into cells. There are various types of diabetes and all are different from each other. Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes are the three kinds of diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes-

The immune system destroys cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Children and young adults usually suffer from type 1 diabetes, but it can occur at any age. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin.

Type 2 diabetes-

It is the more common form of diabetes. Poor lifestyle and being overweight puts you at risk of type 2 diabetes. The body is unable to make insulin well in case of this kind of diabetes. Losing weight and living a healthy lifestyle can reverse type 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes-

This is the kind of diabetes that develops in pregnant women. Mostly, this kind of diabetes goes after childbirth. However, women with gestational diabetes are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Diabetes Food

Best Foods to Control Diabetes

Fatty Fish

Getting enough of these fats on a regular basis is especially important for diabetics, who have an increased risk of heart disease and stroke.

DHA and EPA protect the cells that line your blood vessels, reduce markers of inflammation and improve the way your arteries function after eating.

Leafy Greens

They're also very low in digestible carbs, which raise your blood sugar levels.

Spinach, Kale and other leafy greens are good sources of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C.



Cinnamon is a delicious spice with potent antioxidant activity.

Several controlled studies have shown that cinnamon can lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity


Eggs are one of the best sources of lutein and zeaxanthin, antioxidants that protect the eyes from disease

Chia Seeds

This is wonderful food for people with diabetes


Eat fruits as much as you can is the major line to remember.

Replace Sugar with Honey


Its active ingredient, curcumin, can lower inflammation and blood sugar levels while reducing heart disease risk

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