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India's Crop Area Coverage 2023: Rice, Pulses, Coarse Cereals, Sugarcane, Jute & Cotton

India's recent agricultural report reveals notable shifts in crop coverage compared to the previous year. Rice cultivation expanded by 16.23 lakh hectares, while pulses decreased by 10.63 lakh hectares.

Vivek Singh
India's Crop Area Coverage 2023: Rice, Pulses, Coarse Cereals, Sugarcane, Jute & Cotton (Photo Courtesy: Freepik)
India's Crop Area Coverage 2023: Rice, Pulses, Coarse Cereals, Sugarcane, Jute & Cotton (Photo Courtesy: Freepik)

In a recent agricultural report, India has witnessed significant variations in crop area coverage compared to the corresponding period of the previous year. The report highlights the area coverage under major crops including rice, pulses, coarse cereals, sugarcane, jute, and cotton. These figures provide valuable insights into the country's agricultural landscape and can have potential implications for the overall production and availability of these essential commodities.

Rice Area Expansion

The data reveals a promising increase in rice cultivation, with a reported area coverage of about 384.05 lakh hectares. This marks a notable growth of 16.23 lakh hectares compared to the same period last year. Key contributing states to this growth include Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, and Haryana. However, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra have reported lower rice cultivation areas.

Pulses Area Contraction

Contrastingly, the coverage under pulses cultivation has decreased, standing at approximately 117.44 lakh hectares, reflecting a reduction of 10.63 lakh hectares from the previous year. While Rajasthan and Jharkhand show higher areas under pulses, states like Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra have observed notable decreases in their pulse cultivation areas.

Coarse Cereals Trend

The report indicates a positive trend in coarse cereals cultivation, covering about 178.33 lakh hectares. This expansion by 2.02 lakh hectares from the previous year is primarily attributed to states such as Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, and Haryana. However, some states like Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Rajasthan have reported diminished coarse cereal cultivation.

Sugarcane Acreage Increase

Sugarcane cultivation has seen a modest increase, with an area coverage of about 56.06 lakh hectares, up by 0.47 lakh hectares from the last year. This growth can be attributed to higher cultivation in states like Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, while states like Maharashtra and Gujarat have reported slightly reduced sugarcane cultivation.

Fluctuations in Jute & Mesta Cultivation

The cultivation of jute and mesta has seen a decrease, with an area coverage of approximately 6.56 lakh hectares, marking a decline of 0.39 lakh hectares compared to the previous year. Meghalaya is the exception with a slightly higher cultivation area, while Bihar, West Bengal, and Assam have reported lower cultivation areas.

Cotton Cultivation Patterns

Cotton cultivation, spanning about 122.56 lakh hectares, has witnessed a decrease of 2.27 lakh hectares compared to the previous year. States like Gujarat and Rajasthan report higher cotton cultivation areas, while Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Karnataka have reported significant reductions.

These insights into the changing landscape of crop cultivation across India provide valuable data for understanding agricultural trends. Factors such as climate, government policies, and market demand can play crucial roles in influencing these cultivation patterns. As the country strives to ensure food security and sustainable agriculture, monitoring these shifts becomes essential for informed decision-making in the agricultural sector.

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