1. Agriculture World

Farmers should be given Premium Subsidies instead of Water and Electricity Subsidies

Chintu Das
Chintu Das

Because our economy is based on primary agriculture, Indian farmers are the backbone of our nation's economy. According to a poll, India is one of the best countries for agriculture and cultivation. However, despite their significant contribution to the nation's economy, Indian farmers have been a neglected community for decades.

Harassment of Indian farmers is a daily occurrence. India is the world's largest producer of wheat, rice, pulses, and spices, with plenty of room for expansion in the agricultural industry. Farmers' financial situation will improve if they receive a guaranteed minimum support price for their produce, if trading becomes digital or online, and the middle person who exchanges products from farmers to factories or from manufacturers to farmers is eliminated.

The majority of farmers in India are in dire straits, with approximately 80% of farmers falling into the marginal or small farmer category. Agriculture employs about 60% of the workforce but contributes 17% of GDP. Every day, there are reports of Indian farmers committing suicide in various parts of the country.

It is impossible to have good rains, good yield, and good prices all at the same time. As a result, the farmers' wages are either marginal or nonexistent. Machines should only be used by large farmers to achieve efficiency at local production costs. Every farmer nowadays wishes for his children to leave agriculture because they are aware of its difficulties.

Agriculture plays a significant role in intra-company trade. It's because 90% of our population spends 60% of their money on meals, tea, milk, and other necessities. Agriculture's wealth is, in fact, the Indian economy's prosperity.

Agriculture is India's largest industry. Despite the fact that agriculture's share of total national income has been steadily declining due to the growth of the secondary and tertiary sectors, agriculture still employs nearly 60% of the population directly or indirectly.

Our primary exports are a variety of agricultural commodities such as tea, coffee, spices, and tobacco. As a result, agriculture provides us with foreign exchange, allowing us to purchase machines from other countries. It also helps to keep our country's balance of payments in check and makes us self-sufficient. The movement of agricultural commodities accounts for the majority of transportation's business.

The agricultural sector needs to be regularized and updated, and farmers need to be educated on alternative options in order to make the best use of limited resources. The emphasis should be on improving land and irrigation efficiency, as well as improved water management practices such as drip irrigation and rainwater harvesting.

They should be urged to cultivate higher-value products, particularly in areas with high rainfall, crop diversification is an important factor to consider and the farmers' social wellbeing is another important factor to consider. Farmers should be urged to practice organic farming and refrain from using DDT, pesticides, and insecticides.

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