Agriculture World

Vegetable Seed Sowing Calendar 2020-2021 for Farmers

Rishabh Bhan
Rishabh Bhan

Kharif crops are those crops which are sown in the rainy season and they are also known as the summer or monsoon crops in India. These crops are mainly sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the south-west monsoon season.  

The crops which are sown during winter season are called Rabi crops or winter crops in India. These crops require cold climate. The sowing time of these crops is between October to December and harvesting is done from February to April. These crops require low temperature and less water.  

The last type of crop is zaid crops and these crops are sown in the months of February to March and are harvested from April to May. These crops have the ability to tolerate drought. To make things easier for you, we’ve categorized a vegetable seeds calendar that can help you plan out your own vegetable garden at home. 

Vegetable Seeds Calendar 2020 

1) Beetroot ( chukandar) :- 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - October to November. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - August to November. 

Germination Temp. - 10-30°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Uniform Globe and Pure Deep Red. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct & one inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 04” & Rows to Rows - 18”. 

Days to Maturity - 80 - 90 Days After Sowing. 

2) Apple Gourd (Tinda) :- 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - February To March And June To July. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - February To March And June To July. 

Germination Temp. - 20-30°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Flat Oval-Round & Shining Light Green. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct & one inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 12” & Rows to Rows - 12”. 

Days to Maturity - 70 - 80 Days After Sowing. 

3)Bitter Gourd 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - October to November. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - August to November. 

Germination Temp. - 20-30°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Dark Green With Spines, Sleek. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct & 0.5 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 1 ft & Rows to Rows - 4 ft. 

Days to Maturity - 55 - 60 Days After Sowing. 

4) Bottle Gourd 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - February to March &  June-July 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - November to December, December to January &  June to July. 

Germination Temp. - 20-30°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Medium Green, Sleek And Tender, Shape Lauki Type I.E Round From Top And Tapering From Base. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct & 1-2 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) -  Seeds to Seeds -1 ft & Rows to Rows - 4 ft. 

Days to Maturity -  55 - 60 Days After Sowing. 

5) Broccoli 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - August To October. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - August To October. 

Germination Temp. - 21-23°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Green In Colour, Very Compact and Uniform. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Transplant & 1.5 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 1 ft & Rows to Rows - 1.5 ft. 

Days to Maturity - 90 - 100 Days After Sowing. 

6) cabbage 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - September to October. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - June to July & October to November. 

Germination Temp. - 10-20°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Round, Compact, Average Weight 1.0 To 1.2 Kgs, Wrapped In 5-6 Cup Shaped Small Leaves & light and dark green. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Transplant & 0.25 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 1 ft & Rows to Rows - 1.5 ft. 

Days to Maturity - 90 - 100 Days After Sowing. 

7) capsicum 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - November to January & May to June. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - January to February, May to June & October to November. 

Germination Temp. - 15-25°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : 3 - 4 Lobed, Blocky & Dark Green, Turning Red At Maturity. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Transplant & 0.25-0.5 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 1.5 ft & Rows to Rows - 1.5 ft. 

Days to Maturity - 95 - 100 Days After Sowing. 

8) Carrot 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - August to October. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - August to November. 

Germination Temp. - 10-30°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Bright Orange. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct & 0.25 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 2” & Rows to Rows - 1.5 ft. 

Days to Maturity - 75 - 80 Days After Sowing. 

9) cucumber 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - February-March. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - June to july, september to october & december tojanuary. 

Germination Temp. - 16-32°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Long &  Light Green. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct & 0.5 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Rows to Rows - 12”. 

Days to Maturity -  50 - 70 Days After Sowing. 

10) Beans 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time  - September To October (Plains), May To June ( Hills). 

Germination Temp. - 16-30°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Extra Fine ,Shining Yellow, Fibre Less, Straight. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct & 1-1.5 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 8” & Rows to Rows - 18”. 

Days to Maturity - 45 - 50 Days After Sowing 

11) Lettuce 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - September to october. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - October to december. 

Germination Temp. - 07-27°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : No Head, Loose Leaves & Bright Green Frilly Leaves. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct/Transplant & Surface Sow. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 12” & Rows to Rows - 8”.  

Days to Maturity - 45 - 55 Days After Sowing. 

12) Onion 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - May to june. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - March to April, May to june & September to October. 

Germination Temp. - 10-32°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Round & Pink , Off White. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Transplant & 0.25 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 4ft & Rows to Rows - 6ft. 

Days to Maturity - 150 - 160 Days After Sowing. 

13) Peas 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - September to November. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - September to November. 

Germination Temp. - 10-22°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Very Thin, Almost Round Like Finger & Green. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct & 1 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 4” & Rows to Rows - 12”. 

Days to Maturity - 55 - 60 Days After Sowing. 

14) Okra 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - February to March & june to july. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - January to february, May to june & October to December. 

Germination Temp. - 20-32°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Dark Green. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct & 0.5 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 12” & Rows to Rows - 18”. 

Days to Maturity - 45 - 50 Days After Sowing. 

15) Radish 

Seed Type : Non-Hybrid, Open Pollinated And Non-GMO. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (North India) - August-January. 

Growing Season/ Sowing Time (South India) - Depends. 

Germination Temp. - 10-30°C. 

Fruit Shape & Color : Pure White and Red. 

Sowing Method & Sowing Depth - Direct & 0.5 inches. 

Sowing Distance (inches/feet) - Seeds to Seeds - 2-3” & Rows to Rows - 12”. 

Days to Maturity - 40 - 45 Days After Sowing. 

If you liked this article and want to know more about other different vegetables comment below . 

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