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Learn How to Install Drip Irrigation System in your Garden

Chintu Das
Chintu Das
drip irrigation

Most places around the nation are struggling to keep yards watered all through the mid-year due to water scarcity. If you are somebody from a place that confines use of water, the best approach to beat the warmth is with a micro water system. This arrangement of drip tubing along with mini sprayers conveys water directly at the base of plants and can save upto 30 to 50 percent of overall water usage.  

For setting up a drip irrigation system, all you need is a tap outside your house and a hose along with few fittings. Setting up a framework takes only a couple of moments of planning and two or three hours of installation. 

Let’s start with the process: 

Overview of the system: 

Drip irrigation system consists of hose fitted with plastic emitters, that permit water to trickle out at a controlled movement without stopping up. The tubing is laid around the plants and trees to get water into their roots. You can go for pre-punched tubing with emitters already installed, or unperforated tubing, which you have to punch holes in and fix emitters in it. Unperforated tubing is useful for an irregular garden design or layout. 

Different accessories are available in the market such as sprays for covering a bit of space, foggers for anything that is hanging, emitters for root irrigation etc. Plan your tubing according to the layout of your garden and buy the tubes and necessary accessories. You can always contact your local supplier or manufacturer for preparing a layout of your garden, in case you are not able to figure it yourself. 

Connecting to an outlet of water: 

Install the vacuum breaker to the pressure controller. This part will not let the hose water from rushing back into the main water lines.  

Now assemble the filter into the pressure controller. Now attach the hose swivel to the open end of the filter.  

Once you fix the hose swivel, fix your hose onto the barbed end of the hose swivel and tighten it properly to avoid water leakage. Screw the entire assembly to the hose bib. 

Laying of the tubing in the garden:  

Fix the hose or tubing into the hose bib. Use barbed connectors to connect the pipes together. Also punch holes in the pipe and fix emitters in it. 

Now, once everything is done, lay down the tubing near the roots of the plants. Try to keep a distance or 10 to 12 inches between the line of tubing. 

Putting ground stakes to hold the piping: 

Once you have laid down the piping in the ground according to your garden requirements, it is time to use ground stakes to hold the piping down steadily. Please check to see if all the hooks fall over the piping and not miss it. 

Use connectors whenever 90-degree angles are required in the layout. Leave the ends of the pipe open so as to flush it later if required. 

Tubing around trees and plants: 

Position circles of ¼-inch tubing around the trees and plants.  

Utilize a hole punch to puncture the ½-inch tubing where the circle will start. Add a little tee connector into the opening.  

Attach emitters into the ¼-inch tubing and position it to one side of the tree. Then make a rope shape around the tree. The circle ought to be sufficiently large to stretch out mostly out to the edge of the tree's canopy.  

Cut the tubing and connect the end to the opposite side of the tree. 

Putting sprayers;  

In the case of dense plants and shrubs, where it is not possible to place piping through them, use sprayers for ground coverage. 

Pierce the main pipeline and attach the unperforated ¼-inch tubing with the help of a straight connector. Attach a micro sprayer into the other end for spraying water onto the plants and shrubs. 

Fix the position of the sprayer with the help of a ground cover. The same method can be used for foggers also. 

Closing and covering of the tubing: 

Once the layout and placement is finished, let the water gush in for around 1 or 2 minutes to get all the dirt out of the pipes. Once dirt is out, close the open end of the pipe with the help of a clamp. 

Have a final check to see if there is any leak in the connections, emitters are not clogged etc.  

Once checked, cover the piping with 2 to 3 inches of mulch to avoid unnecessary evaporation. 

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