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Rambutan Cultivation opens a new possibility

Professor Rajendra Kumar
Professor Rajendra Kumar

Rambutan is a fruit that has been found in our country for a few years.  The delicious inner core makes it popular.  Fruits are dark red and yellow.  Rambutan derives its name from the Malay word rambut, which means hairy .

The tree is commonly found in the tropics.  Areas up to 800 feet above sea level are suitable for cultivation.  It is suitable for rainfall up to 250 cm and a temperature of 35 degrees.  This tree grows well in moist, fertile soil.  A pH value of less than 6.5 is recommended. Good yields are guaranteed if there is adequate sunlight.  Rambutan is good for cultivation in Kerala, Maharashtra and some parts of Tamil Nadu.  Care should be taken to avoid waterlogged areas.

Early experience has shown that when cultivating with seedlings from seed, one cannot expect quality fruits. The best variety of rambutan produced by budding is available now for cultivation.  N18, Rongarian, Schoolboy, Binjoy and Malwana Special are good for commercial cultivation. E 35 and King can also be grown in the form of ornamental plants at home.

Rambutan fruits are round in shape or in the shape of a chicken egg.  There are about twenty fruits in a bunch.  Brown seeds inside them are not edible.  Due to its colorful beauty, it is often grown as a garden tree.

Seedlings start flowering from the third year onwards.  With good care, six to seven years is enough to get a decent yield.  It is best to plant up to 35 seedlings per acre to get proper sunlight.  In dry weather, watering is essential.  Mulch in hot weather and prepare it for microorganisms to grow.

Compost and Trichoderma manure are good fertilizers for these trees.  If the weeds are removed in a timely manner, they will grow well.  As it is a very tall tree, the trees should be cut at a height of three to four meters.  When the branches on the sides grow long, they should also be cut into an umbrella shape.  Only then  the best yield can be expected every year.

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