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Role of Effective Microorganisms (EM) in Agriculture

If we wish to create a sustainable community, sustainable agriculture will play a significant role. And we can't discuss the latter without learning about effective microorganisms in agriculture. Because knowing this topic is critical, we shall go further deeper into the benefits of Effective Microorganisms (EM) in agriculture.

Shivani Meena
Effective Microorganisms improve soil quality and fertility
Effective Microorganisms improve soil quality and fertility

Effective Microorganisms (EM) have a wide variety of uses in both organic and conventional farming. In farming and agriculture, EM technology generates an ideal environment in the soil and on the foliar surface while concurrently stimulating the microorganisms in the soil, resulting in quicker soil heating and an early start of the growing season. 

What are Effective Microorganisms (EM)? 

Effective Microorganisms (EM) are mixed cultures of naturally existing beneficial microbes that can be used as inoculants to boost soil ecosystem microbial diversity. They are mostly composed of photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeasts, actinomycetes, and fermentation fungi. These microbes are physiologically compatible and can live together in liquid culture. There is evidence that EM soil inoculation can increase soil quality, plant growth as well as crop yield. 

Benefits of Effective microorganisms in agriculture 

There are several applications for effective microorganisms in agriculture, and we will look at several of them in further detail. 

EM For Humus and compost development 

Effective microorganisms in agriculture provide benefits in a variety of ways. However, the majority of the applications are derived from compost and humus development. When biodegradable waste is combined with EM, substantially higher quality and nutrient-rich compost are produced (Bokashi composting). 

EM in sillage and Grasslands 

Though farming is the first thing that comes to mind when we think of agriculture, there are various additional ways in which effective microorganisms in agriculture provide visible benefits. One of them is silage and grassland management. This stage of agriculture is important. It not only improves the soil quality but also ensures tasty silage. 

The following are the primary benefits of EM in silage and grassland management: 

  • Enhancement of the fertilizing effect.

  • Nutrient-rich and appetite-stimulating sillage

  • Aids in the development of a stable environment in the soil

EM in Vegetable Production 

Vegetable cultivation is another key example of effective microorganisms in agriculture. The absence of residue is important in this area. Furthermore, the optimal appearance of vegetables remains a crucial marketing element. As a result, EM technology is essentially an unavoidable natural method of ensuring that crops are less vulnerable to pests and fungal infection. This results in a more appealing and tasty finished product. 

EM in Fruit Cultivation 

Fruit cultivation is another excellent illustration of how efficient microorganisms in agriculture provide several advantages. We are all aware that pests and diseases can wreak havoc on fruit trees and crops. Fortunately, EM technology provides an ecologically acceptable technique for strengthening fruit trees' natural defense system. It creates a hostile habitat for microorganisms on the surface of leaves. Furthermore, it improves the effects of sunlight. 

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