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Top Varieties of Soybean in Madhya Pradesh

Sangeeta Soni
Sangeeta Soni
Madhya Pradesh: The Soybean hub of India
Madhya Pradesh: The Soybean hub of India

Soybean, one of the most cultivated crops in India contributes significantly to the Indian economy being a part of Indian edible oil pool. Soybean is one of those crops that is an oilseed crop, a legume crop and is also used to prepare flour.

India ranks fourth in respect to the production of soybean in the world. Not only this, many farmers are dependent on soybean farming, and it serves as a lifter of farmers’ economic status.

Commercial Production of Soybean

In India, commercial production of this leguminous oilseed has started after the mid-’60s with India leading the way, followed by Nepal. And in the early ’70s, the regional spread of soybean cultivation covered about 7,700 hectares in Madhya Pradesh, followed by Uttar Pradesh (5,900 hectares) and Maharashtra (1800 hectares). And by the time, production increased in Madhya Pradesh (more than 4 billion hectares till date), that is more than any other state in India.

And Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan together contribute more than 96% of the area under cultivation and production of soybean in the country.

Madhya Pradesh: Soybean Hub

Talking about the major soybean-growing states, Madhya Pradesh ranks first in the list. Many varieties of soybean are grown in different districts of Madhya Pradesh including Indore, Dhar, Khandwa, Jhabua, Ujjain, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Shajapur, Barwani, Khargone, Bhopal, Sehore, Raisen, Vidisha, Betul, Rajgarh, Harda, Hoshangabad, and more.

There are about 2500 varieties of soybean, which come in different sizes, shapes & colors.

Click here to know about the cultivation of Soybean.

As per the information from ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, located at Indore, Madhya Pradesh, following are the most grown soybean varieties in Madhya Pradesh:

  • Ahilya 1 (NRC 2)

  • Ahilya 3 (NRC 7)

  • Ahilya 2 (NRC 12)

  • Ahilya 4 (NRC 37)

  • JS 71-05

  • JS 335

  • JS 80-21

  • JS 75-46

  • MACS 58

  • JS 90-41

  • Indira Soy 9

  • JS 93-05

  • Kalitur

  • Parbhani Sona (MAUS 47)

  • Pratishtha (MAUS 61-2)

  • Monetta

  • Punjab-1

  • PK 472

  • Shakti (MAUS 81)

About ICAR- Indian Institute of Soybean Research

ICAR-IISR is located in Indore, Madhya Pradesh. To carry out the basic & strategic research on soybeans, the National Research Centre for Soybean was established in 1987 and was further upgraded into a Directorate during XI Plan. In 1987, the government of Madhya Pradesh transferred a farm of 56.7 ha with a store and old office building at Khandwa road, Indore to ICAR for establishing NRCs.

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