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Mustard Crop Acreage Sees 5% Increase in Rabi Season 2023-24

The surge in mustard acreage, especially in key regions like Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, presents promising prospects for the agriculture sector.

Shivam Dwivedi
Mustard Crop Acreage Sees 5% Increase in Rabi Season 2023-24 (Photo Source: Pexels)
Mustard Crop Acreage Sees 5% Increase in Rabi Season 2023-24 (Photo Source: Pexels)

The mustard crop acreage has witnessed a notable surge, climbing by 5 per cent to surpass 100 lakh hectares during the rabi season of the 2023-24 crop year, as per industry data analysis. This significant increase has been highlighted by the Solvent Extractors' Association of India (SEA), which has designated RMSI Cropalytics Pvt Ltd for conducting a comprehensive all-India rape mustard crop survey.

Mustard Acreage: Remote Sensing-Based Report Highlights Growth

RMSI Cropalytics Pvt Ltd, tasked with the survey, has submitted its third report, leveraging remote sensing technology for data collection. According to the findings presented in the report, the all-India mustard crop acreage stands at an impressive 100.39 lakh hectares, marking a notable 5 percent increase from the previous year's estimate of 95.76 lakh hectares.

Mustard Crop's Regional Insights: Rajasthan Leads, West Bengal Declines

In Rajasthan, a prominent mustard-growing region, the acreage has seen a steady rise, escalating to 37,82,222 hectares during the rabi season of 2023-24 compared to 37,43,272 hectares in the preceding year. Similarly, Uttar Pradesh has witnessed a substantial expansion in mustard acreage, reaching 17,76,025 hectares from 14,00,584 hectares, while in Madhya Pradesh, the sowing area has surged to 13,96,374 hectares from 13,23,881 hectares.

Conversely, certain regions have experienced a decline in mustard cultivation. Notably, in West Bengal, the acreage under mustard has shrunk to 5,90,734 hectares from 6,41,170 hectares, indicating a concerning trend.

Factors Influencing Mustard Farming Choices

Farmers in several districts of Gujarat and Rajasthan have opted to diversify their crop choices, pivoting away from mustard cultivation due to lower price realization. This shift in agricultural strategy underscores the dynamic nature of farming decisions influenced by market dynamics and price trends.

Import Dependency Persists Amidst Domestic Production Growth

While domestic mustard production is on the rise, India continues to rely heavily on imports to meet the substantial demand for edible oils. This dependence highlights the need for strategic planning and policies to bolster domestic production and reduce import reliance, ensuring food security and sustainability in the long term.

However, challenges such as fluctuating prices and import dependency necessitate a holistic approach encompassing policy interventions, technological advancements, and market reforms to foster sustainable growth and resilience in the mustard cultivation landscape.

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