Sponge Gourd Cultivation

Sponge gourd is a vegetable grown in tropical and sub-tropical conditions. It has many medicinal uses in Ayurveda. Uttar Pradesh and Punjab are largest states to produce sponge gourd.

  • India

    16 May - 31 July
Sponge Gourd field
Sponge Gourd field

Common name: Sponge gourd/ Torai.

Botanical name: Luffa cylindrical

Family: Cucurbitaceae

Origin: Asia (India)


  • Sponge gourd is another important vegetable, widely grown in India. It very similar to ridge gourd.

  • Brazil, India, Mexico and Ghana are the country where sponge gourd is grown generally.

  • Gilki and Turai is the most common name of sponge gourd in India.

  • Sponge gourd is very rich in vitamin A and C. Seed oil of sponge gourd is helpful to cure skin diseases.

  • Juice of sponge gourd is very effective in curing diabetes.


  • Warm and humid climate is suitable for its cultivation.

  • Required temperature for the cultivation should be in between 24-37o

  • At the stage of flowering and fruiting, excessive rainfall can cause poor yield.

  • Too low temperature can cause delay in germination and retarded early growth.


  • pH of soil should be in range of 5.5-6.5.

  • Although cultivation of sponge gourd can take place in all type of soils but soil should have good moisture holding capacity especially in summer.

  • Soil should be rich in organic matter.

  • Sandy loam soil is comparatively best for the cultivation of sponge gourd.

Sponge Gourd
Sponge Gourd


  • North India (kharif season): February-March.

  • South India (rabi season): December.

(In hilly regions the best time of sowing is April to May).

Fertilizers and Manures:

  • At the time of field preparation, 15 to 20 tons of FYM is sufficient.

  • Required ratio of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium is 25:35:30.

  • Application of excessive nitrogen with high temperature can cause reduction in female flower production.

  • Another dose of nitrogen is recommended to apply at the stage of flowering in the quantity of 30 kg/ha.

Land preparation:

  • Field should be plough 2 to 3 times for preparing a fine soil tilth and field must also be free from weeds.

  • Well rotten farm yard manure in addition with soil would enhance the quality and yield capacity.


Generally irrigation depends on the weather condition, soil and variety of the crop.

  • Irrigation should be applied twice a week in long dry weather.

  • On the other hand, there is no need of irrigation in rainy season.

  • Mulching can also be practiced in extreme warm areas to prevent the loss of water and also to control weeds.

Sponge gourd
Sponge gourd


Varieties of sponge gourd with rate, required spacing and features are mentioned below:






Kashi Rakshita

3.5 kg/ha

·       Row to row: 3.5cm

·       Plant to plant: 75cm

Resistant to Mosaic Virus, fruit color is dark green.

Kashi Shreya


·       Row to row: 3.5cm

·       Plant to plant: 75cm

Resistant to downy mildew, suitable for river bed cultivation

Kashi Divya


·       Row to row: 3.5cm

·       Plant to plant: 75cm.


Cylindrical fruit, high yield potential, suitable for distant marketing, successful in summer and rainy season.

Kashi Saumya F1 Hybrid


·       Row to row: 3.5cm

·       Plant to plant: 75cm

Medium maturing hybrid, dark green fruit, resistant to Sponge Gourd Mosaic.


  • First harvest can take place after 70-80 days of planting.

  • Tender and medium sized fruits should be harvested with an interval of 3-4 days.



Yield of the crop depends on the selected method, variety climatic conditions and many other factors.

Generally, average yield of sponge gourd is 160 to 200 quintals per hectare.

FactCheck in Agriculture Project

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