1. Success Story

This Farmer Earns in Lakhs through Fresh Water Pearl Cultivation

Dr. Lakshmi Unnithan
Dr. Lakshmi Unnithan

In today's era, people are leaving farming and migrating towards the citiesbut Sarkathal Madho of Bijnor (Uttar Pradesh) has proved all these things wrong. Kamaldeep's name is taken with great respect in Bijnor. Kamaldeep is successful in cultivation of pearls and keeps getting better day by day.

Kamaldeep used to work abroadbut he was eager to come back to his village. Despite the strains involved in cultivation of pearls, Kamaldeep was doing unique experiments on beads and the villagers used to look in awe.When everyone was cultivating paddy, wheat and sugarcane in the village, but the income that Kamaldeep got from two ponds of 60 by 60 feet was almost that  almost no one else earned in his village. Bumper income gave him a different identity among villagers. Kamaldeep explains that the pearls prepared by him are used for the texture of the idols and the decoration of the Gods and Goddesses. The most demand is in their religious centers like Haridwar, Rishikesh, Char Dham etc. Up to Rs 300 is earned from a single pearl.

Pearl Farming 

According to Kamaldeep, Cultured pearls are the response of the shell to a tissue implant. A tiny piece of mantle tissue (called a graft) from a donor shell is transplanted into a recipient shell, causing a pearl sac to form into which the tissue precipitates calcium carbonate. There are a number of methods for producing cultured pearls: using freshwater or seawater shells, transplanting the graft into the mantle and adding a spherical bead as a nucleus. After about a year, the oyster is broken and the shape on which the calcium layer is formed.After separating it, the graft is again placed in the oyster. We can extract pearls worth 15 to 20 lakhs from the same pond. 

Farmer Kamaldeep believes that in today's time, instead of monoculture,mixed farming should be chosen. By incorporating new techniques in farming, labor and money would also reduce,he continues.The government is also running several schemes related to agriculture, the benefits of which could be taken says Kamaldeep.Rates are also good on different crops. Along with the cultivation of pearls, farmers can also do fish farming says Kamaldeep.He is always there to help and assist anybody who wants to learn more in pearl farming.

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