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A Complete Guide to Drumstick Cultivation

Sangeeta Soni
Sangeeta Soni

Moringa Cultivation

Indian land is known for its delicious cuisines. There are many greens which are cultivated on this land having many health benefits and magnificent taste. Drumstick is also one of them.

Drumstick, commonly known as Moringa, is a tall and slender fast growing tree usually grown for its leaves, seed pods or pericarp. Leaves are used as vegetable and pods are also added in many luscious dishes. Apart from the taste, Moringa also possess many nutritional values, it is rich in iron, calcium and vitamin A and C.

Varieties of Drumstick

Moringa can be classified into different varieties on the basis of Ayurveda and varieties developed by public sector.

On the basis of Ayurveda, Moringa has three varieties, Shyama (black variety), Shveta (Red variety) and Rakta (Red variety).

On the basis of varieties developed by public sector, Moringa has KM1, PKM1, PKM2, GKVK1, GKVK2, GKVK3, Dhanraj, Bhagya (KDM1), Konkan Ruchira, Anupama and Rohit 1 varieties.

Sowing and Land preparation

  1. Soil preparation and sowing- Soil mixture should be light, i.e., one part of sand to three parts of soil, and slightly acidic (6.2 to 7.0 pH). Moringa is warm season plant. So, its seeds are sown in late winters. 30 cm deep and 30 cm wide holes are dug and seeds are sown and then remaining space in the holes can be filled with loose soil and manure.

  2. After sowing care- Seeds will start germinating after 5-10 days of sowing. The area between the plants should be kept free of weeds. Generally, Drumstick plants do not need too much watering but during summers and dry conditions water regularly.


Pests and Treatment

Drumstick plants are obstructive to most of the pests but can be attacked by some pests such as hairy caterpillar, moringa worm, pod fly, leaf caterpillar, bark caterpillar.To protect moringa from these pests, following practices can be done-

  • Plough during summers and destroy the alternate host plants.

  • Avoid overlapping of plants in nearby area.

  • Provide proper nutrients to moringa by spreading 7-8 kg of compost per hole.

  • Remove previous crop residues and plan to grow legumes and ginger intercrops.

  • Use light soil with proper drainage.

  • Spray NSKE (Neem seed kernel extract) 5% during 50% plant growth and after 35 days to protect it from pod fly.

  • Soil solarisation using clear plastic sheet to burn weeds.

Drumsticks also need to be protected from livestock as cattle, goats, sheep will eat its pods and leaves. Installation of proper fencing around plants will protect the plants.

Harvesting of Drumstick

Harvesting of drumstick pods should be done when pods are immature (1 cm diameter). Mature pods are also edible but they develop tough outer structure.

Leaves of drumstick can be harvested when plant grows 150 -200 cm tall, which take 3-4 months in fertile soil.

Here is the list of some trading portals to export your drumsticks.




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