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Cultivation of Akarkara: A Unique and Versatile Herb

Akarkara (Spilanthes acmella L.) also known as Acmella oleracea is a unique and versatile herbal plant. It is an anti-toothache plant that has a wide range of medical applications so it has been recognized as an important medicinal plant. Today, there is a growing demand for it all over the world because of its historical usage in food and medicine.

Sandeep Kr Tiwari
Akarkara (Spilanthes acmella L.) also known as Acmella oleracea is a unique and versatile herbal plant.
Akarkara (Spilanthes acmella L.) also known as Acmella oleracea is a unique and versatile herbal plant.

Akarkara (Spilanthes acmella L.) also known as Acmella oleracea is a unique and versatile herbal plant. It is an anti-toothache plant that has a wide range of medical applications so it has been recognized as an important medicinal plant. Today, there is a growing demand for it all over the world because of its historical usage in food and medicine.

Akarkara blooms start out with a thick layer of red material; when they extend and turn yellow, the red remains on top. Dark green is the natural color of the leaves, and light purple is the color of the veins, leaf stalks, and stems. It is an annual herb distributed throughout the country. The herb is extensively distributed in Chhattisgarh's natural forest. The whole herb excluding roots is taken to produce a curry, known as Akarakara ke Sag. This curry is very useful in urinary system-related trouble. Akarakara is also an accepted herbal medication for dental difficulties, scurvy, and asthma. In India, herbs have been utilized for a very long time to cure gum and dental issues.

Common Names: Sanskrit: Sarahattika; Gujarati: Marethi; Marathi: Akkalkadha, Pipulka, Akalkarra, Acharbomdi; Kannada: Hemmugalu; Tamil: Vana-Mugali; Assamese: Pirazha; Manipuri: Leishabi; Naga, Changki: Tefu Mozitang.

Preparation of land

  • The land is to be prepared in the month of May-June.

  • A proper soil treatment program should enhance land drying and pulverization.

  • Approximately 10 t of well-rotten Farm Yard Mannure should be mixed with 1 ha.

  • The distance between two beds should be kept at 2 metres for irrigation. Prepare beds or plain pans (as per plantation planning).

  • Before planting the planting material, the land should be adequately watered.

 

Drainage land is most suitable for the cultivation of Akarkara

According to agricultural experts, drainage-friendly land is optimal for growing akarkara. The yield will be high if the field's soil is loose and soft. Its sowing is thought to be best during the months of October and November. Farmers can also directly grow it using seeds and planting seedlings, however, results in greater yield.

Akarkara plants require a 20-to-25 degree temperature to germinate. Initially, plants also require a minimum temperature of 15 and a maximum of 30 degrees to develop well, and they need 35 degrees of temperature at the time of ripening.

Helpful in the treatment of many diseases

Ayurveda experts claim that taking Akarkara would help you recover from the flu and the common cold. In addition, it is suggested to consume it when the seasons change. Patients with paralysis can also take it with honey. Let us inform you that Akarkara has been utilized for more than 400 years in Ayurveda. In addition, toothpaste is made from it and used in medications to treat pain and weariness.

Harvesting

After the two to three months of showing of Akarkara plant start flowering then take mature flower buds gently. Fresh flower buds are yellow in colour with a red top. 

After the plant begins to bloom, many flowers are produced; harvest them as needed. After that, dry it properly using the Proper techniques. The root should be dug up and dried when the crop cycle has finished.

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