1. Agripedia

Tips for Successful Farming – From Crop Selection to Harvesting

Chintu Das
Chintu Das
Crop Irrigation

Every living thing needs food, and we rely on plants and animals to provide it. People began growing food in a limited area and utilised specific techniques for managing and improving it. This practice of cultivating crops is called agriculture. 

In India, agriculture is one of the most important fields. We can't conceive how the world would be without agriculture. It is critical to understand the significance of agricultural techniques in India. Farmers are the world's agricultural industry's backbone. 

Tips For Farmers 

How to select Crop

Crop selection is the most important component in crop farming success. The following are some key crop selection factors: 

  • The farm's location 

  • Availability of land 

  • Type of soil 

  • Climate 

  • The amount of money you put in and how much you hope to get back 

  • Demand on the market 

  • Availability and quality of water 

  • Personal interests 

Tips for Soil Preparation: 

Ploughing, levelling, and manuring are used to prepare the soil in which crops will be produced. Crop development is influenced by a variety of factors, including soil texture, compaction, cation exchange capacity, and organic matter concentration. Some cultivation procedures, adding nutrients, utilising particular planting methods, or applying ways to modify variables like soil temperature, moisture retention, or compaction can all have an influence on soil characteristics. 

Also crop rotation is an important element of farming since it relies on excellent, natural soil health. 

 

Tips for Seed Selection: 

For crop development, seed selection is critical. A good seed must grow into a plant; otherwise, we will not achieve the desired outcome, therefore we must pick excellent and healthy seeds. The following are characteristics of high-quality seed: 

  • Increased genetic purity 

  • Higher physical purity is required 

  • Possession of good form, size, and colour, depending on variety requirements 

  • Better physicality and weight 

  • Increased germination (90 to 35 percent depending on the crop) 

  • Better physiological vitality and endurance 

Tips for Seed Sowing: 

The key stage of sowing is the selection of high-quality crop strain seeds. Seed sowing can be done by hand or with the help of seed drilling equipment. Because of the high pricing of improved seeds, the majority of farmers are unable to afford them. 

Tips for Irrigation: 

A good amount of irrigation at regular intervals is required for any sustainable agricultural operation. The drip irrigation system is a new way to get started. It becomes easy to supervise since it can be managed by a machine. 

Wells, ponds, lakes, canals, and dams are examples of water sources. Water-logging and crop loss can result from over irrigation. Then there's the issue of controlling the frequency and gap between subsequent irrigations. 

Any farm's drainage system determines the soil's compatibility with daily water use. If you don't maintain your drainage systems on a regular basis, the consequences will be less than ideal. 

Tips for Fertilisers/ Manures: 

Composting, mulching, and utilising bio-fertilisers are some examples of organic practices that will assist encourage healthy crop development. Vermi-composting is another great way to organically provide essential nutrients to the soil. Inorganic fertiliser, Nitrogen fertiliser, and Phosphorus fertiliser are the different forms of fertilisers. Agricultural waste, livestock manure, and municipal sludge are examples of organic fertilisers. 

Nutrients are required for crops to grow and create yield. As a result, nutrients must be provided at regular intervals. Manuring is the process of providing nutritional additions, which might be in the form of natural manure or fertilisers. 

Tips for Weed Management: 

Weeds are undesirable plants that grow in the middle of crops. Weeds are eliminated with weedicides, by plucking them out by hand, and in some cases, during soil preparation. Manual weeding (hand removal, pulling, and cutting), mowing, mechanical cultivation, and thermal control are all techniques for managing weeds in organic farming (flaming). 

Tips for Pests and Diseases Management: 

Viruses, bacteria, fungus, and insects are major plant pests and diseases that severely reduce plant yield. Pesticides and biocontrol agents can protect crops from a variety of pests and illnesses. Insect and disease management in crops can be accomplished in a variety of methods, including: 

  • Encourage soil health 

  • Select types that are resistant 

  • Plant at the appropriate location 

  • Beneficial insects should be attracted 

  • Defend against pests 

  • Crop diversity preservation 

  • Pesticides are being used to combat pests 

  • Pesticides that are organic 

  • Crop rotation is important 

  • Interplanting is a good idea 

  • Floating row coverings should be used 

Tips for Harvesting Plants: 

Harvesting is the process of cutting and gathering the crop once it has reached maturity. The following aspects are critical for harvest procedures: choosing the right harvest time refers to the ripeness and maturity of the crop. Harvesting is best done early in the morning or later in the evening, when temperatures are cooler. Manual harvesting is excellent for fragile and high-value crops. 

Tips for Successful Agriculture: 

Farmers may take a number of critical actions to help agriculture succeed, including: 

Invest in top-of-the-line farming machinery. 

Without the proper machinery, the agricultural industry is incomplete. You are not obligated to purchase machinery with the first offer they make to you. It's always a smarter buy to scout the market for better prices. 

Plant Early and Plant Wisely 

The most crucial aspect of the planting process is determining the best time to plant. If your soil is ready before you start planting, it is the ideal method to utilise to improve yields. 

Climate, cropping patterns, and agricultural productivity concerns 

Cropping patterns that are based on climate and land capabilities are sustainable, but market forces and farmers' expectations are driving unsustainable systems. 

Recognize your intended audience. 

In most cases, there are several forms of farming and agribusiness to choose from. Your focus or specialty, on the other hand, must be determined ahead of time as part of your preparation. 

Like this article?

Hey! I am Chintu Das. Did you liked this article and have suggestions to improve this article? Mail me your suggestions and feedback.

Share your comments

Subscribe to our Newsletter. You choose the topics of your interest and we'll send you handpicked news and latest updates based on your choice.

Subscribe Newsletters