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Importance and Scope of Commercial Floriculture

Importance

Flowers have been considered as the symbol of grace and elegance and a feast for our eyes. They are used on all religious festival occasions. Flowers are given as birthday presents, wedding gifts or while meeting sick people and even at funerals. Most Hindu ladies adhere their; hair style with flowers i.e. Gajaraand Veni and it is one of the important floral ornament which will and grace to their beauty. All the people irrespective of their origin, race, sex and cadre love flowers. Generally flowers are offered by devotees at the Temples, Gurudwaras, Churches and Masjids.  Flowers are also used for decoration. Even dried flowers are also used in flower craft or arrangement of garlands and bouquets are prepared and offered to welcome the dignitaries. When cut flowers are used for vase decoration it becomes a marvelous piece of indoor decoration. 

Importance of flowers is not restricted upto the beautification, decoration or preparation of Gajra, Garland, Veni or Bouquets but also have the industrial importance too. Some flowers like Rose, Jasmines, Tuberose, Kevda, Bakul are used for extraction of essential oils which is base for preparation of perfumes, scents or attar. From rose Gulkand, Rose water etc. products are also prepared. 

Scope

There is a good scope for commercial floriculture. The important factors which decide the scope for Commercial Floriculture are soil, climate, labour, transport and market. Almost all big cities are developing very speedily to accommodate this fast growing population, cement concrete, jungle is also developing at the same rate and thus people are now realizing the importance of open space, parks and garden for relaxation, peace of mind, recreation and unpolluted air. Thus, to meet out all these problems bio-aesthetic planning is essential, which runs hand in hand with town planning. In modem life floriculture garden in the country yard is an integral part of the modern life and thus ornamental plants have found a place in home gardening. 

As far as flower trade is concerned i.e. for cut flowers and loose flowers, it is growing very well in our state because these cut flowers are used for vase decoration and now-a-days there is a craze for indoor decoration. As far as loose flowers are concerned these are mainly used for preparation of gajaraveni, garland and bouquets and thus demand of flowers for these purposes is unending. Thus, taking into consideration the different points i.e. bio-aesthetic planning, floral garden, indoor decoration, social functions and religious functions the demand for floricultural plants is increasing day by day and to meet out the same there is a good scope for growing and raising of Ornamental or Floricultural plants. When Flower Trade is concerned; different flowers like Rose, Chrysanthemum, Gladiolus, and Tuberose are demanded in the market as cut flowers. While Aster, Gaillardia, Marigold, Chrysanthemum, Jasmines, Tager Nerium as loose flowers. 

Goals 

  1. Crop improvement - Genetic resource enhancement, evaluation and conservation. 

  2. Breeding of novel colour, short duration, temperature and drought tolerant ornamental cultivars. 

  3. Breeding of dwarf cultivars of high value flowers/foliage plants. 

  4. Strengthening/standardization/popularization of F1 hybrid seed production in important annual flowers. 

  5. Exportable ‘made in India’ varieties using molecular breeding and advanced techniques. 

  6. Production technology. 

  7. Development of agro-technologies for open field and protective cultivation – region specific ,energy efficient, low cost and ecofriendly production systems. 

  8. Commercialization of ‘Specialty Flowers’ as new flowers to attract buyers and market demand. 

  9. Digitalized spray and fertigation schedules. 

  10. Production of quality planting materials through tissue culture. 

  11. Improved media, new cladding materials and alternate energy and light sources. 

  12. New generation molecules for enhancing blooming span, shelf life, etc. 

  13. Mechanization of planting to packaging and storage. 

  14. Post-harvest technology a. Standardization of operation procedures for isolation of pigments, essential oils and natural colours/dyes. 

  15. New flower crops suitable for making dry flowers and technologies for efficient drying. 

  16. Natural dyes for pot- pourries and other flower arrangements. 

  17. Post-harvest engineering for improved packaging and low cost storage to reduce perishability. 

  18. Research on anti-senescence technology to delay senescence. 

  19. Landscaping - Improved grass species for turfs. 

  20. Urban greening technologies and vertical gardening. 

  21. New plants suitable for landscaping. 

  22. Plant health management. 

  23. Healthy landscape and beautiful flowers. 

  24. An inventory of pests and pathogens of flower crops. 

  25. Digitalized pest and disease forecasting expert system. 

  26. Prevention/management/eradication of the emerging pests and pathogens under changing climatic scenario. 

  27. Crop protection strategies with reduced pesticide inputs. 

  28. Multiple pest and disease resistant flowering plants. 

  29. Assured plant Biosecurity by generating database on potential pest and diseases of flower crops, diagnostics and containment techniques and information sharing. 

  30. Quality floriculture products meeting international sanitary and phytosanitary standards. 

Contact details - Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture
Pt. K.L.S. College of Horticulture & Research Station
Rajnandgaon- 491441(C.G.) India 

Author for corresponding: hemantdevelopment09@gmail.com 


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