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Dengue Fever: New Guidelines Issued To Tackle This Monsoon Menace

The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently published updated guidelines and information on Dengue due to the surge in cases reported across India. The numbers are quite concerning.

Sarbani Bhattacharjee
There Is A Surge In Dengue Cases                                                                                                                        Source: Freepik
There Is A Surge In Dengue Cases Source: Freepik

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne illness that has become a major public health concern, especially during the monsoon season. With increased rainfall, stagnant water becomes a breeding ground for the Aedes mosquito, the primary transmitter of dengue.

What are the Symptoms of Dengue?

While many dengue infections show no or mild symptoms, some people experience a flu-like illness with:

  • High fever (up to 104°F)
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle and joint aches
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Skin rash
  • If the symptoms are mild, you can recover within one week using home treatments.

When to Rush to the Doctor?

The World Health Organization has detailed about the symptoms and their severity.

Severe Symptoms/Hemorrhagic Fever: In some cases, dengue can progress to a severe form, which can be fatal. The Dengue Shock Syndrome can lead to damaged blood vessels and decreased blood platelets. If you experience any of the following warning signs, seek immediate medical attention:

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Rapid breathing
  • Bleeding gums or nose
  • Fatigue and restlessness
  • Blood in vomit or stool
  • Feeling weak and having a cold
  • Pale skin

What are the Preventive Measures against Dengue Fever?

There is no specific treatment or vaccine for dengue fever. However, you can significantly reduce your risk by taking steps to prevent mosquito bites:

Wear protective clothing: Cover your arms and legs with long-sleeved shirts and pants, especially during the day.

Use mosquito repellent: Choose repellents containing DEET, Picaridin, or IR3535.

Eliminate mosquito breeding grounds: Empty and clean any containers that can hold stagnant water around your home.

You must use mosquito nets.

The WHO website is a valuable resource for the latest information on Dengue fever, including prevention tips, treatment guidelines, and outbreak updates. By staying informed and taking preventive measures, you can significantly reduce your risk of contracting dengue fever during the monsoon season.

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