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Maharashtra Farmers Should Follow These Agro-based Advisories Till 28th May 2022

Select the soybean varieties recommended for your area and ensure the availability of seeds. Carry out germination test of the available seed which should be a minimum of 70% to have optimum plant population.

Dr Poonam Batra
Maharashtra Farmers Should Follow These Agro-based Advisories Till 28th May 2022.
Maharashtra Farmers Should Follow These Agro-based Advisories Till 28th May 2022.

Farmers can use the government allotted agro-advisories as per weather forecast to plan their field activities for the coming days. For the next updated advisory keep visiting the Krishi Jagran’s website.

Crop Specific Advisory:

Soybean:

The soybean farmers are requested to use Broad Bed Furrow (BBF) or Ridge & Furrow. This will facilitate managing the crop both in case of waterlogging as well as drought situations.  To have yield stability, farmers are advised to apply deep summer plowing once in 2-3 years. After this, the field should be prepared using criss-cross harrowing followed by planking.  If deep summer plowing is performed during the last 2-3 years, the field may be prepared using criss-cross harrowing followed by planking.

Apply well-decomposed FYM @ 10 t/ha or Poultry Manure @ 2.5 t/ha before the last harrowing.  As per suitability, farmers are advised to run the sub-soiler machine at an interval of 10 m which facilitates the breaking of hard soil pan thereby increasing the rainwater infiltration. Select the soybean varieties recommended for your area and ensure the availability of seeds. Carry out germination test of the available seed which should be a minimum of 70% to have optimum plant population. Ensure availability of other critical inputs like fertilizers, weedicides, fungicides, and cultures for seed treatment, etc.

Rice & Groundnut:

Keeping view of local weather conditions harvest the mature rice and groundnut crop.

Chilli:

Considering the increased temperature and cloudy weather in the chili crop, for avoiding flower drops in chili, apply Planofix 5 ml/9 liter of water, 50 to 70 days after planting.

Due to present weather conditions for control of sap-sucking pest on Chilli crops, spray 5 % Neem ark or Imidacloprid 17.8 SL 5 ml per 10 lit. of water. Always avoid spraying during gusty wind and heavy rain. Spraying should be done in the evening hours in the opposite direction of the wind.

 In chili, if thrips, fruit borer, and tobacco leaf-eating caterpillar population is high then spray Cyantraniliprole 10.26 OD at the rate of 12.0 ml per 10 liters of water during clear weather conditions

Tomato:

If the symptoms of Late Blight of tomato (greying white rings on the lower side of leaves) are noticed due to the previous cloudy weather, spraying should be done with Mancozeb (2.0 g/l) or Copper oxychloride (3.0 g/l) or Bordeaux mixture (1%) or Copper hydroxide (2.0 g/l) or Fosetyl-Al (2.0 g/l) or Dimethomorph (2.0 g/l) combination of Pyraclostrobin + Metiram (2.0 g/l) or Mefenoxam + Copper hydroxide (2.0 g/l) or Metalaxyl 8% + Mancozeb. 64% (2.0 g/l) during clear weather conditions.  In tomato, if leaf miner, aphids, thrips, whitefly, and fruit borer crosses ETL spraying should be done of Cyantraniliprole 10.26 OD at the rate of 18.0 ml per 10 liters of water during clear weather condition.

  Mandarin orange :

  • Follow irrigation with double ring method or square method irrigate orchard at 7 to 10 days interval. Drip irrigation at the rate of 17-74, 102-166 and 187-235 litres per day for 1-4, 5-7, 8 years and above trees old respectively.

  • Considering the increasing temperature, mulching around tree trunk up to 5-10 cm should be done with wheat straw, paddy straw or uprooted weeds so that, evaporation of water due to high temperature can be minimized which helps in reducing fruit crop.

  • Foliar application of gibberellic acid 1.5 gm + urea 1 kg may be given during fruit set after mixing it in 100 litres water. (Dissolve gibberellic acid in 10 ml alcohol before mixing in water).

  • Spray 2, 4-D/ 1.5gm and potassium nitrate 1kg in 100 liters water if there is sudden rise in temperature.

  • Installed Yellow Sticky trap @ 30 /acre (Using 30 x 40 cm size foam sheet with Castor oil as sticker at weekly interval to catches large number of adult sucking pest at 1.5 to 2.0-meter height above soil surface.

  • For effective management of gummosis of Nagpur mandarin gummosis-affected portion from where gum is oozing needs to be scraped out with sharp knife, taking care not to damage the wood. Cleaned portion pasting with Metalaxyl MZ* (50 g/l) or Fosetyl-Al* (50 g/l) at initiation of disease and second after 30 days from initiation of the disease

Live Stock Specific Advisory:

Livestock: Cultivate rainfed cereal-based perennial fodder grasses like Co-4 hybrid Napier, jowar, Co- FS-29/31, and pulse-based cowpea and stylo Cameta. Cattle should be given a mixture of mineral salts and saltwater for drinking. Prevailing weather conditions are congenial for the occurrence of Ranikhet disease in poultry, ET, sheep pox, PPR in Sheep Hemorrhagic Septicemia, and Foot and mouth disease in cattle, and Buffaloes. To prevent the diseases, vaccinate the animals.

Fisheries: Freshwater fish Indian major corps summer fish kill Present high-temperature weather conditions are favorable for summer fish kill due to DO depletion advised to stoppage of organic fertilizers and feed skips if pond color is dark green color. Application of calcium peroxide @1 kg/ac or hydrogen peroxide @ 1lt/ac in emergency ‘DO’ depleted conditions.

Poultry: Precaution should be taken to regulate the temperature of the poultry shed by hanging wet gunny bags.

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