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World Population Day 2024: Reflecting on Growth, Challenges, and Significance

World Population Day, observed annually on July 11th, is a critical reminder of the ever-growing human population and its impact on our planet. This year, the global population officially reached 8 billion, which is concerning.

Sarbani Bhattacharjee
World Population Day 2024                                                                                                                                                 Source: Freepik
World Population Day 2024 Source: Freepik

The inception of World Population Day dates back to 1987, with the observance of "Five Billion Day." This marked the day the world's population reached an estimated 5 billion. The United Nations Development Program's Governing Council established World Population Day in 1989 to highlight the impacts of the growing population. The United Nations General Assembly later formalized the day in 1990.

What is the Significance of World Population Day?

The growing population puts a strain on global resources. World Population Day 2024 emphasizes the need for sustainable development practices to ensure a healthy planet and society for future generations. It highlights the critical issues of resource depletion, environmental degradation, and social inequalities due to population growth.


Global Population Challenges

The growing population presents a multitude of challenges. There is an increasing demand for food, water, and energy due to the pressure on healthcare, education, and housing, the impact is far-reaching. Unequal resource distribution and social inequities are further exacerbated, particularly in developing nations. Issues like human trafficking and child labor become more prevalent as populations grow.

While the global population continues to rise, the growth rate has slowed significantly compared to the peak period of the late 1960s. The annual growth rate is approximately 0.91%, adding around 73 million people annually. This is a significant decrease from the 2% growth rate observed in the late 1960s. Despite this slowdown, the world's population is projected to reach 9 billion by 2037 and 10 billion by 2057.


The Importance of Inclusive Data

World Population Day 2024 sheds light on the importance of accurate and inclusive population data. Over the past decades, significant progress has been made in gathering, analyzing, and using population data disaggregated by factors like age, ethnicity, and gender. However, the day serves as a reminder that marginalized communities remain undercounted. This lack of data had a profound impact on their well-being and marginalized their concerns.

World Population Day 2024 is a call to action. It urges policymakers, organizations, and individuals to work together toward a sustainable future. We must promote responsible resource management, equitable distribution, and the protection of human rights.

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