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Want To Grow Your Own Food Crops? A Complete Step-By-Step Guide To Start From Scratch

It might be intimidating to grow your own food for the first time. In this post, I'll show you how to grow your own crops step by step.

Chintu Das
Vegetable Cultivation
Vegetable Cultivation

It might be intimidating to grow your own food for the first time. This article will tell you how to grow your own crops step by step, so even if you've never grown anything before, you can get started right away and enjoy the freshness of homegrown fruits and vegetables. 

In a nutshell, follow these seven steps to cultivate your own crops:

  • Make a growing bed and plan it out.

  • Make sure the plants you wish to cultivate are ready to go.

  • Make medium-sized holes that are spaced far enough apart so that your plants do not fight for sunlight.

  • If required, fill the hole with compost and fertiliser.

  • After hardening off seedlings, transplant them or sow seeds.

  • Mulch is a great way to cut down on evaporation and weeds.

  • Soak your newly planted vegetables in water until they begin to produce roots.

How to Set Up a Growing Bed

When creating a new growing bed, ensure there are no hidden utility wires, irrigation lines, or roots from adjacent trees or other barriers that will make growing crops much more difficult.

After you've double-checked that all of these requirements have been satisfied, you may start thinking about the size of your growing bed and the layout of your walking paths, which will be crucial later for weeding.

Plan alternate blocks of 32 plants and a 30cm wide walking path for larger plants so you can reach all sides with relative ease, making weeding a much easier process. Plants that require a smaller area, on the other hand, can be planted in rows rather than blocks.

Another important factor to consider is the amount of space your plants require; this is entirely dependent on what you choose to grow. For example, tomatoes require about 30 inches (80 cm) of space between them; otherwise, air circulation will be reduced, resulting in diseases, and lack of sunlight may kill any smaller plants.

The following step is to ensure that the soil is suitable for planting. To begin, remove any grass or other weeds to expose the soil in which you wish to grow. Cutting out the top layer of soil with all the grassroots with a shovel or a hoe is possible. If you start preparing your beds in March or April, you'll have ample time to gradually improve the soil using this method:

After that, you'll want to work on the soil. If your garden is plagued by heavy clay soil, spread a layer of compost on top of the soil (about 1 inch/2.5 cm) and mix it in with a shovel. Once that's done, cover the newly prepared soil with mulch so that earthworms and other creatures may enhance the soil structure over the following several weeks.

How To Get Your Plants Ready

In essence, there are two methods for preparing your plants, each with its own set of benefits and drawbacks.

Let's start with indoor grown plants, which are seeds that are sown and begin to develop several weeks before you wish to put them outside. This strategy is typically utilised for plants with a long growth cycle in order to shorten the time it takes for the plant to begin producing fruit.

In the first couple of weeks, the plants need to be in a warm, sunny location; if you have a south-facing window, this is the place to be. Sowing tomatoes, for example, should begin roughly 6 weeks before the last frost in your location.

Fill your containers with good, well-drained growth soil, either purchased from a local garden shop or made from your own sterilised compost, to ready the seed.

After that, use your finger to make small holes in the paper and place one seed in each hole. Cover all of the holes with additional developing dirt and water them gently after they're completed (Best using a Growing Tray so the water can move from bottom to top). Watering the soil directly may cause the newly planted seed to be exposed.

Place your seedlings near to a south-facing window when the first sprout appears, or use growth lights to ensure that adequate light reaches your plants.

Examine the roots of your seedling after 3-4 weeks; if the cell is already full, it's time to re-pot your seedlings into larger individual containers (Using Cow Pots will save you some time, as you can just plant the whole pot once your seedlings are ready). Your plants will need to grow for another 3-4 weeks in the larger pots before being moved to an outside growing box if temperatures do not dip below 32°F/0°C.

When you set your plants outside, it's critical to keep an eye on the weather; if the temperature drops below freezing, you'll have to bring them back inside. Using an outdoor box can help your plants harden off, making them more resistant to the lower conditions they will face in the first few weeks after being planted outside.

What is the best way to sow your seedlings?

Planting relies entirely on the qualities of your soil; if you have well-draining loamy soil, you may simply dig a tiny hole into which to place the seedling.

However, in most circumstances, your soil will require some attention in order for the seedling to thrive. The hard clay soil in your garden might preclude you from planting anything without first improving the soil.

To begin, dig a hole approximately one foot in diameter and depth; if you have soil that is close to being usable, simply gather all of the material you take out; subsequently, simply mix in a bit of compost to enrich the soil. Clay-heavy soil, on the other hand, cannot be utilised for growth since the roots will not be able to develop correctly.

After you've finished digging the hole, fill it with fresh compost or purchased growth soil (etc.). You might utilise your own compost, and also don't sanitize the soil before utilising it for this reason. You might wish to add some Fertilizer depending on what you're growing.

After you've combined everything, you should have a hole filled with pretty good dirt in which to plant your seedling. Make a tiny hole with your palm, large enough to cover the whole root system of your seedling.

This way, you can grow almost anything in your garden, even if your soil is terrible. The size of the hole is also determined by the size of the crop you wish to plant, as well as the size of its roots.

What To Do Once You'Ve Planted

Congratulations! You've completed planting your own vegetables, but the majority of the labour remains; weeding, watering, and maintaining your growing bed will be a daily task.

It's also crucial to give tomatoes something to grow on, whether it's a long stick or some store-bought growth aids.

Watering is a crucial task from now on, and it should be done every day for the first two weeks until a good root system has developed. Depending on how dry and exposed to the sun your garden is, you can reduce the quantity of watering to 2-4 times per week with appropriate mulch.

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